Brulion (meaning Rough Sketchbook in English) was a Polish language quarterly literary magazine published in Poland from 1986 to 1999.
History and profileEdit
Brulion was established by a group led by Robert Tekieli in Kraków in 1986. The magazine, published quarterly, ceased publication in 1999.
Its editor in chief was also Robert Tekieli. Originally a quarterly of the alternative and semi-legal Polish culture, it became known for respecting no taboos and producing scandals since its ninth issue, thus becoming the voice of the underground, anti-communist Poland. The generation of brulion writers was influenced mainly by American poets like Frank O'Hara (that is why they're often called o´harists), Allen Ginsberg or John Ashbery, translated by Pietr Sommer. Another translator, Stanisław Barańczak, introduced to Poland the poetry of Philip Larkin, W. H. Auden, Robert Frost and others. Brulion published among others an almanac named Przyszli barbarzyńci (Future barbarians; the title comes from a poem by Cavafy). Therefore, the brulion generation is also known as barbarians.
- ^ a b Ursula Phillips (25 January 2013). Polish Literature in Transformation. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 252. ISBN 978-3-643-90289-4. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
- ^ a b Matthias Schwartz; Heike Winkel (30 November 2015). Eastern European Youth Cultures in a Global Context (mathe ed.). Palgrave Macmillan. p. 162. ISBN 978-1-137-38513-0. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
- Bílé propasti (White Abysses), Host, Brno, 1997, p. 181-9.