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Brugmansia aurea, the golden angel's trumpet, is a species of plant in the family Solanaceae. It is endemic to Ecuador. Since March 2014, it has been listed as Extinct in the Wild by the IUCN but before that, it was listed as Vulnerable.[1]

Golden angel's trumpet
Brugmansia aurea03.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Brugmansia
Species:
B. aurea
Binomial name
Brugmansia aurea
Lagerh.
Distribution.brugmansia.aurea.png
Synonyms

Brugmansia pittieri

Despite being thought to be extinct in its native range, B. aurea is a popular ornamental and is widely cultivated, like the other members of its genus. It is sold and grown as a garden plant, described as a large subtropical shrub capable of growing to 20 feet in height. It has large yellow or white blooms with a pleasant fragrance which is at its strongest in the evening.[2]

SynonymsEdit

  • Brugmansia affinis
  • Datura aurea
  • Datura affinis

ToxicityEdit

All parts of the plant are poisonous.[3]

UsesEdit

Almost all tribes in the area of Ecuador used it as a poultice.[citation needed]

It is used as a deliriant. Its most potent cultivar is Culebra Borrachero, which has a high concentration of the psychoactive scopolamine. In Western medicine, scopolamine is used to prevent motion sickness.[4] It has also been used as a truth serum.[5] Borrachero loosely translates to "get-you-drunk", and scopolamine is also known as Devil's Breath[6] and burrundanga, among the world's "scariest drugs".[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Hay, A. (2014). "Brugmansia aurea". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2014: e.T38124A58906215. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-1.RLTS.T38124A58906215.en. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  2. ^ "12 plants for evening scent". BBC Gardener's World Online. Retrieved 12 July 2019.
  3. ^ "Angel's Trumpet," The Better Homes and Gardens Plant Encyclopedia.
  4. ^ Pratt, Christina (2007). "Brugmansia Aurea". An Encyclopedia of Shamanism. Rosen Publishing. pp. 68–70. ISBN 978-1-4042-1040-0.
  5. ^ House, Robert E. (1931). "The Use of Scopolamine in Criminology". The American Journal of Police Science. 2 (4): 328–336. doi:10.2307/1147361. ISSN 1547-6154. JSTOR 1147361.
  6. ^ Draper, Lucy (September 3, 2015). "Does the 'Devil's Breath' Drug Really Exist?". Newsweek. Retrieved April 13, 2017.
  7. ^ Cotroneo, Christian (September 3, 2013). "The World's Scariest Drug". The Huffington Post. Retrieved April 13, 2017.