Brnjica culture

The Brnjica culture (Serbian: Брњица, full name: Donja Brnjica-Gornja Stražava cultural group, Albanian: Bërnica e Poshtme kulturë) is an archaeological culture in present-day Kosovo and Serbia dating from 1400 BC.[1]

Brnjica culture
Geographical rangeKosovo, Serbia
PeriodBronze Age
Dates1400 BC – 700 BC
Type siteDonja Brnjica
Major sitesHisar Hill
Preceded byUrnfield culture
Followed byLa Tène culture

DescriptionEdit

 
Reconstruction of a Bronze Age house from the locality Hisar

The cultural group formed out of this culture is the Thracian tribe of Moesi. It is also the non-Illyrian component in the Dardanian ethnogenesis.[1]

The culture is characterized by several groups:[1]

  • Kosovo with Raska and Pester
  • South and West Morava confluence zone
  • Leskovac-Nis
  • South Morava-Pcinja-Upper Vardar

Brnjica type pottery has been found in Blageovgrad, Plovdiv, and a number of sites in Pelagonia, Lower Vardar, the island of Thasos and Thessaly dating to 13th and 12th century BC.[1]

SitesEdit

Donja BrnjicaEdit

The main site of the culture is a necropolis at Donja Brnjica, (Albanian: Bërnica e Poshtme) near Pristina.

HisarEdit

Hisar is a multi-periodal settlement at a hill near Leskovac.

Traces of life of the Brnjica culture (8th century BC) are seen in the plateau that was protected by a deep moat with a palisade on its inner side, a fortification similar to that of another fortification on the Gradac site in Lanište in the Velika Morava basin.[2]

A later Iron Age settlement existed at Hisar dating from the 6th century BC until the 4th century BC. Besides Greek fibulae and pottery, Triballi (Thracian) tombs have been excavated in 2005.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Milorad Stojic (2006). "Regional characteristics of the Brnjica cultural group" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2011-07-23. Retrieved 2010-08-03. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ Milorad Stojic: Ferrous metallurgy center of the Brnjica cultural group (14th–13th centuries BC) at the Hisar site in Leskovac. MJoM Metalurgija - Journal of Metallurgy, UDC:669.1
  3. ^ Praistorijska kopča. B92.net – info (in Serbian)

See alsoEdit