British Leeward Islands

The British Leeward Islands now refers to the Leeward Islands as an English and later British colony from 1671 to 1960, except for the years from 1816 to 1833.

Leeward Islands

1671–1816
1833–1960
Arms (1909) of Leeward Islands
Arms (1909)
StatusBritish Colony
CapitalSt. John's, Antigua
Common languagesEnglish (official)
Leeward Caribbean Creole English
Dominican Creole French
Religion
Christianity (Anglican, Catholic, Methodist)
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
Monarch 
• 1671–1702
William III (first)
• 1952–60
Elizabeth II (last)
Governor 
• 1683–98
Colonel Christopher Codrington (first)
• 1956–58
Alexander Thomas Williams (last)
History 
• Established
1671
• Divided
1816
• Reformed
1833
• Federal colony
1871
• Dominica joined
1871
• Dominica left
1940
1960
• Federation dissolved
31 May 1962
Area
19581,047 km2 (404 sq mi)
CurrencyPound sterling (official)
Spanish dollar, Mexican peso also used
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Anguilla
Antigua
Barbuda
Dominica
Montserrat
Nevis
Saint Christopher
Virgin Islands
West Indies Federation
British Virgin Islands
Today part of Anguilla
 Antigua and Barbuda
 British Virgin Islands
 Dominica
 Montserrat
 Saint Kitts and Nevis

HistoryEdit

The Leeward Islands was established as an English colony in 1671. In 1816, the islands were divided in two regions: Antigua, Barbuda, and Montserrat in one colony, and Saint Christopher, Nevis, Anguilla, and the Virgin Islands in the other.

The Leeward Islands as an entity were united again in 1833, coming together until 1871 under the administration of the Governor of Antigua. The islands then became known as the Federal Colony of the Leeward Islands from 1871 to 1956, with Dominica becoming part of the colony in 1871 but leaving it again in 1940.

On 3 January 1958 all islands except the Virgin Islands were absorbed into the West Indies Federation. The British Leeward Islands finally ceased to exist with the abolition of the office of its governor, and the elevation of the British Virgin Islands to the status of a separate crown colony, in 1960.[1][2]

A representative Leeward Islands cricket team continues to participate in West Indian domestic cricket.

Armed forces structure in 1939

Includes the structures from Saint Kitts and Nevis, Montserrat, Antigua, Dominica, and British Virgin Islands.[3]

Postage stampsEdit

The islands of the Leeward Islands all used postage stamps inscribed "LEEWARD ISLANDS" between 1890 and 1 July 1956, often concurrently with stamps inscribed with the colony's name. The islands also issued revenue stamps between 1882 and the 1930s.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Private Lands Conservation in the British Virgin Islands". University of Colorado Boulder. Natural Resources Law Center. 2004. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
  2. ^ "Encyclopedia Britannica - BVI". Retrieved 1 October 2020.
  3. ^ "Leeward Islands, 03.09.1939". niehorster.org. Retrieved 19 January 2019.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit