British Horological Institute
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The British Horological Institute (also known as the BHI) is the representative body of the horological industry in the United Kingdom. It was founded by a group of clockmakers in 1858, and has its current premises at Upton Hall in Nottinghamshire, which includes a museum of clock history.
The BHI was founded in 1858 by a small group of clockmakers, one of whom was Edward Daniel Johnson. Their aim was to unify the British horological industry and trades in the face of large numbers of imports of clocks and watches from abroad. The Institute was an immediate success and within a year it had founded its own museum and library; it also began to offer evening classes in clock- and watch-making.
The journal of the Institute is the Horological Journal, which has been published monthly since September 1858. It is claimed to be the oldest continuously-published technical journal in the world.
The current premises of the BHI are at Upton Hall in Nottinghamshire, England. Its primary role is that of education, providing a standardised set of examinations for training horologists. It also maintains a list of members whom it considers sufficiently qualified to repair clocks and watches, and who adhere to a strict code of practice. Upton Hall is also home to the charitable Museum of Timekeeping at the British Horological Institute, which includes the original BHI Museum and Library.
The Institute offers a number of different kinds of membership. These include:
- Associate Membership
- Any individual with an interest in horology may subscribe as a member
- Full Membership
- Full membership is open to graduate members with a sufficient degree of professional experience as a watchmaker or clockmaker. Full members may append the letters "MBHI" to their name.
- In order to become a fellow of the BHI, one must make a contribution to the field of horology deemed to be of exceptional value. (This has not always been the case; it was significantly easier to gain fellowship in the latter half of the twentieth century.)
Fellows of the BHI are entitled to append the letters "FBHI" to their name.
Museum of TimekeepingEdit
The Museum of Timekeeping is also housed at the home of the British Horological Institute.
The Museum of Timekeeping is an independent charitable Museum (Registered Charity Number 1176495), established in 1994 to hold in trust the collection and library, brought together by BHI members since its founding in 1858.
The Museum includes a collection of clocks, watches and timepieces and associated clock and watchmaking tools and ephemera. It can be visited during seasonal opening hours, plus a range of special events, or by booking a private group visit.
The Museum of Timekeeping Library is one of very few existing specialised libraries dealing primarily with horology. It is open to researchers by appointment, and its holding includes a number of rare documents, papers, letters and books, particularly dealing with the high points of British horology in the 18th and early 19th century, but its catalogue contains comparatively few titles published in the last several decades.
BHI Gold MedalEdit
The institute's gold medal for an outstanding contribution to horology has been awarded to:
- 1928 Frank Watson Dyson - Astronomer Royal who introduced Greenwich pips.
- 1930 Charles Édouard Guillaume - developed Invar and Elinvar
- 1946 Frank Hope-Jones (1867–1950) - developed electrical timekeeping, including Synchronome system
- 1947 Rupert Gould - restored John Harrison's chronometer
- 1947 Warren Alvin Marrison - developed the quartz crystal clock
- 1948 Harold Spencer Jones - Astronomer Royal
- 1957 John Harwood - invented the self-winding wristwatch
- 1981 George Daniels - developed the co-axial escapement now used by Omega watch company.
- Upton Hall - the headquarters of the BHI.
- "BHI History". British Horological Institute. Retrieved 2019-05-22.
- "Horological Journal". British Horological Institute. Retrieved 2019-05-22.
- "BHI Accredited Repairers". British Horological Institute. Retrieved 2019-05-22.
- "BHI Code of Practice". British Horological Institute. Retrieved 2019-05-22.
- "BHI Membership". British Horological Institute. Retrieved 2019-05-22.