Concerned with the high cost of British Army units acting as police forces in Palestine, Winston Churchill decided that an elite police force similar to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police or South African Constabulary be created for Mandatory Palestine.
The 43 officers and 700 other ranks force were mostly recruited from the recently disbanded Royal Irish Constabulary and its Auxiliary Division who had themselves been recruited from ex-officers of the Great War. Many of its original formations had been intended to be horse mounted but these plans were dropped in an economy measure.
The unit was intended more for riot control rather than crime solving.
The force was disbanded in June 1926 with its duties taken over by the Transjordan Frontier Force.
- Barker, James "Policing Palestine" in History Today June 2008
- p. 28 Marston, Daniel & Malkasian, Carter Counterinsurgency in Modern Warfare 2008 Osprey Publishing
- Black and Tans in Palestine http://www.jerusalemquarterly.org/ViewArticle.aspx?id=305
- The Formation, Composition and Conduct of the British Section of the Palestine Gendarmerie http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=9059656&fileId=S0018246X13000253