Transport for Brisbane

  (Redirected from Brisbane Transport)

Transport for Brisbane is an organisational division of the Brisbane City Council, responsible through its related Council Committee for providing policy and advice to Brisbane City Council, and for delivering various public transport services across the City of Brisbane.[3][4][5] The division does this as part of an agreement with TransLink, an agency of the Department of Transport and Main Roads that operates public transport across South East Queensland.[6]

Transport for Brisbane
Brisbane transport MAN 18.310.jpg
A Transport for Brisbane-operated bus
Division overview
Preceding division
  • Brisbane Transport
JurisdictionCity of Brisbane, Australia
Headquarters266 George Street, Brisbane[1]
Division executive
  • Geoffrey Beck, Divisional Manager[2]
Parent departmentBrisbane City Council
Websitebrisbane.qld.gov.au/public-transport

HistoryEdit

 
Double deck horse tram at the northern end of the first permanent Victoria Bridge c.1890

The origins of Transport for Brisbane (formerly, Brisbane Transport) can be traced to August 1885 where the Metropolitan Tramways & Investment Company established a service in Brisbane under franchise from the Queensland Government with 18 horse trams. The tram system remained in private hands until January 1923 when the Queensland government established the Brisbane Tramways Trust, compulsorily acquiring the tram network and supporting infrastructure, then in 1925 creating the Brisbane City Council and transferring responsibility for the tram network to the council. Before the council withdrew support in 1961, the council supported the tram network by expanding it to a peak of 175 kilometres (109 mi) with over 400 trams.[7]

Bus services commenced in 1925 by the Brisbane City Council.[8] Brisbane City Council shut down bus services due to financial loss in November 1927. Bus services recommenced 13 years later, in July 1940 with 12 Albion Valkyries.[8][9] In 1948 the Brisbane City Council acquired 20 operators with 67 buses.[7]

The first Rocket services began on the morning of 18 April 1977 between Garden City and the Brisbane CBD.[10] These services were based on the idea that bus travel time could be reduced to less than the travel time by car by the removal of most embarkation stops.

In the 1990s, Brisbane City Council corporatised its transport services to form Brisbane Transport, a council-owned commercial businesses managed at arm's length from the council and providing consultancy services back to it.

InfrastructureEdit

Brisbane Transport operates services along dedicated busway infrastructure to avoid peak hour traffic congestion on roads closest to the Brisbane CBD.

ServicesEdit

Bus upgrade zoneEdit

 
BUZ sign at a bus stop

Bus upgrade zones (BUZ) are high-frequency bus routes mostly running direct to the Cultural Centre. All BUZ services run at least every fifteen minutes from around 06:00 to 23:00 seven days a week and at least every ten minutes during peak hours from Monday to Friday.[11][12]

CityGliderEdit

 
T2825 to West End

CityGlider is a high frequency pre-paid bus service around the Brisbane CBD, operating every five minutes during peak and every 10 to 15 minutes during off-peak. This is the first service in Brisbane to operate 24 hours on Friday and Saturday and 18 hours every other day.[13] Bus stops serviced by the CityGlider are identified with signs and painted kerb.

Clem7Edit

Clem7 (Route 77) is a bus route using the Clem Jones Tunnel (Clem7) which links the suburbs of Eight Mile Plains and Chermside, the route runs every 15 minutes at peak times and 30 minutes at off-peak, Monday to Friday.[14]

The route commenced on 22 March 2010 at a cost of $1.6 million per annum. The route has decreased the journey time between Eight Mile Plains and Chermside, removing the need to transfer buses at Cultural Centre. The route completes the 30 kilometres (19 mi) cross-city journey in 39 minutes instead of up to 55 minutes via the Brisbane CBD.[14]

FleetEdit

 
A Volgren body Scania L94UB, G630, at the Garden City Interchange after completing the 590 service from Toombul.

[15]

 
T2840 Volvo B8RLE leaving Cultural Centre for Chermside on 333

Two-axle busesEdit

390 of the total fleet are MAN 18.310s, delivered from 2005 to 2010, 324 with CNG engines (Fleet numbers 1200 to 1523) and 66 powered by diesel (Fleet numbers 1001 to 1066). The rest of the regular rigid fleet consists of 553 diesel-powered Volvo B7RLEs (delivered from 2009 to 2018, fleet numbers 1801 to 2353), approx 100 Volvo B8RLEs (delivered from 2017 on, fleet numbers 2801 onwards) and smaller numbers of older CNG-powered Scania L94UBs (delivered from 2000 to 2005, fleet numbers 625 to 842, only 7 remain in service as of September 2020) and one Volvo B5RLEH Hybrid demonstrator bus (introduced in 2015, fleet number 1595), all low-floor, accessible and air-conditioned.

Three-axle busesEdit

BT operates two models of three-axle "tag" buses, 8 Scania K310UB (delivered in early 2009, fleet numbers 1701 to 1708 and later renumbered as 5001 to 5008) and 149 Volvo B12BLE (delivered from 2010 to 2013, fleet numbers 5009 to 5157), both diesel-powered and delivered from 2009 on. These larger buses are used on high-demand trunk routes, mostly on the South East Busway.

Articulated busesEdit

 
Custom Coaches MAN NG313F CNG

Articulated buses currently used by Brisbane Transport are 30 CNG-powered MAN NG313s (Fleet numbers 1601 to 1630), delivered from 2007 to 2008 and over 20 diesel-powered Volvo B8RLEAs (Fleet numbers 1631 onwards), delivered from 2018 on.

HistoricEdit

Until the mid-1970s, heavy-duty AEC and Leyland buses were purchased. Later purchases were from European suppliers, Volvo B59s being purchased from 1976, MAN SL200s in 1982 and Volvo B10Ms from 1987.[7]

DepotsEdit

 
Former Milton bus depot in 1951, prior to modification for trolleybuses

Brisbane Transport operates its services from seven depots for specified areas. Some of these depots service routes shared in overlapping areas with other depots. Generally, each of Brisbane Transport's buses is allocated to a particular depot, displays a letter prefix for that depot before its fleet number, and hence is assigned to specific routes.

Depot Letter Code Location Opened Services / Comments Ref(s)
Carina C 27°29′25″S 153°06′07″E / 27.490371°S 153.102078°E / -27.490371; 153.102078 1969 All eastern routes and some south-eastern routes from Garden City to Wynnum and Bulimba, Maroon CityGlider 61. [16]
Eagle Farm E 27°25′41″S 153°05′11″E / 27.427984°S 153.086427°E / -27.427984; 153.086427 2013 Some northern routes; all routes between New Farm and West End, Free Loops 40 and 50, Blue CityGlider 60, QUT Shuttle 391. [16]
Garden City G 27°34′00″S 153°05′12″E / 27.56655°S 153.086731°E / -27.56655; 153.086731 1994 South-eastern routes from Browns Plains and Sunnybank to Wishart and Coorparoo. This depot is also the location of Brisbane Transport's head office. [16]
Sherwood S 27°32′06″S 152°59′21″E / 27.53504°S 152.98909°E / -27.53504; 152.98909 2012 Western, south-western and north-western routes. [16]
Toowong T 27°28′45″S 152°59′01″E / 27.479235°S 152.983482°E / -27.479235; 152.983482 1967 South-western and north-western routes from Brookside and The Gap to Inala and Forest Lake, Free Loop route 30. [16]
Virginia V 27°21′57″S 153°03′39″E / 27.365889°S 153.060885°E / -27.365889; 153.060885 1998 Most northern routes from Nudgee Beach and Brighton to Brookside and the Gap. [16]
Willawong W 27°35′55″S 153°00′15″E / 27.598531°S 153.004103°E / -27.598531; 153.004103 2009 Primarily southern routes, some shared with other southern depots. [16]

Former depotsEdit

Depot Letter Code Location Opened[17] Closed Services / Comments Ref(s)
Bowen Hills A 27°26′10″S 153°02′32″E / 27.435975°S 153.042313°E / -27.435975; 153.042313 2000 2013 Some northern routes; all routes between New Farm and West End. Closed in 2013 with the opening of the new depot at Eagle Farm. [18]
Richlands R 27°36′05″S 152°57′27″E / 27.601259°S 152.957395°E / -27.601259; 152.957395 1997 2013 A satellite depot of the Toowong depot, it shared services on western routes, and some services to Garden City. [19]
Larapinta L 27°38′35″S 153°00′27″E / 27.643171°S 153.007364°E / -27.643171; 153.007364 2007 2012 A satellite depot of Carina, Garden City and Willawong depots, it shared southern, western and eastern services. Originally a temporary bus depot until the Willawong depot opened, it remained open as a satellite depot, sharing routes with other southern depots, until 20 February 2012. [citation needed]
Bracken Ridge B 27°19′54″S 153°01′47″E / 27.331658°S 153.02982°E / -27.331658; 153.02982 1996 2001 Only ever intended as a short-term depot, it was closed in 2001, several years after the Virginia depot had opened. [citation needed]
Cribb Street, Milton - 27°28′09″S 153°00′28″E / 27.469226°S 153.007858°E / -27.469226; 153.007858 ? 1983 Never a formal depot, the site was occasionally used as temporary storage for buses owing to its proximity to the Milton bus and tram workshops. Last used in 1983. [citation needed]
Ipswich Road, Woolloongabba - 27°29′22″S 153°02′09″E / 27.489505°S 153.035731°E / -27.489505; 153.035731 1969? 1974 Originally shared with trams. Buses parked in the depot forecourt and at the rear (eastern end) of the tram sheds. Between 1969 and 1974, the depot was used solely by buses. The site was subsequently sold by the Brisbane City Council for commercial redevelopment. One bay of the depot building was dismantled and re-erected at the Brisbane Tramway Museum at Ferny Grove. [citation needed]
Light Street, Newstead L 27°27′05″S 153°02′19″E / 27.451323°S 153.038617°E / -27.451323; 153.038617 1885 ? Closed for commercial redevelopment. First used as a depot in 1885 when it was the main tram depot for Brisbane's horse tram network. Until 1968, buses shared the depot with trams, the buses being parked along the western (Wickham Street) frontage and north of the tram shed. When the tram shed was demolished, buses were parked where the shed once stood. [citation needed]
Milton - 27°28′02″S 153°00′34″E / 27.467217°S 153.00958°E / -27.467217; 153.00958 ? 1969 Shared with trolleybuses and closed when the trolleybus network was abandoned in 1969. The site is now part of the King's Row business park, although the Brisbane City Council still has a parks works depot there. [citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Visit Council". Brisbane City Council. 6 April 2020. Retrieved 23 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Organisational chart". Brisbane City Council. 11 May 2020. Retrieved 23 May 2020.
  3. ^ "Organisational chart". Brisbane City Council. 22 October 2019. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Contact Us". TransLink. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  5. ^ "Council committees". Brisbane City Council. 24 April 2020. Retrieved 23 May 2020.
  6. ^ "Who we are". TransLink. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  7. ^ a b c Birrell, RA (1987). Brisbane City Council Bus Fleet. Elizabeth, South Australia: Railmac Publications. pp. 4–6. ISBN 0 949817 66 X.
  8. ^ a b Mass transit investigation report (PDF). Brisbane City Council. September 2007. p. 17. Retrieved 14 April 2010.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ Manfred, Cross (1997), "Alfred James Jones: Labor's first lord mayor", in Shaw, Barry (ed.), Brisbane:Corridors of Power, Papers, 15, Brisbane: Brisbane History Group, p. 158, ISBN 0-9586469-1-0
  10. ^ Cole, John R (1984). Shaping a city. Albion: William Brooks Queensland. p. 330. ISBN 0-85568-619-7.
  11. ^ BUZ network map (PDF) (Map). TransLink. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 November 2009. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
  12. ^ "TransLink Bus Timetables". Archived from the original on 17 April 2010. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
  13. ^ Trenwith, Courtney (11 April 2010). "Brisbane's 24-hour buses hit the road". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
  14. ^ a b Minister for Transport Rachel Nolan (1 March 2010). "77 in Clem 7 crosses north-south divide". Ministerial Media Statements. Queensland Government. Retrieved 16 April 2010.
  15. ^ Bus Fleet Allocation - Summary Brisbane Transport Buses
  16. ^ a b c d e f g "Brisbane bus depots". www.brisbane.qld.gov.au. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  17. ^ Otto, Patrick. "About BT". Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  18. ^ Silva, Kristian (28 August 2014). "Bowen Hills bus depot to be sold for $7.3 million". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  19. ^ McLintock, Penny (21 May 2007). "Brisbane buses catch Origin fever". ABC News. Retrieved 5 April 2020.

External linksEdit