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|Known for||former member of the 1960s radical left group Weather Underground|
Flanagan was born on October 20, 1946, and raised in Manhattan, New York. Both his parents were Irish. His father was an advertising executive and his mother a teacher, stockbroker and antique dealer. Flanagan was introduced to politics by his parents who supported Illinois Democratic governor Adlai E. Stevenson, an unsuccessful presidential candidate in 1952 and 1956.
From early on Flanagan felt the pull of militancy. He recalls, "I know that from a fairly early age, 11 or 12, I had really come to admire Fidel Castro. When he stood up to the United States, I thought that was a great thing". However his feelings for Castro, whether real or imagined, Flanagan grew up in a house of privilege with a summer residence in tiny Southampton Long Island. During those years from high school to college, he spent his days as a caddy for the wealthy at the National Golf Links of America, hobnobbing with Captains of Industry and the Financial machinery of Wall Street.
During the 1960s, Flanagan attended Columbia University in New York, where he was a member of Students for a Democratic Society (SDS). Flanagan studied philosophy and economics at Columbia where he was a C student. Whatever passions academics failed to arouse, however, the rising opposition to the Vietnam War supplied. "That was the turning point for me," he says. "Being in New York, being at Columbia during the Vietnam War, you could not be oblivious to what was going on. People were lining up on one side or the other. And so I took my stand." Flanagan was one of the members that helped seize the mathematics building on the Columbia University campus. The 1968 Columbia Student Revolt involved students shutting down the campus by seizing buildings to attract attention for their cause. SDS confronted the university's involvement with the Institute for Defense Analysis, who provided research the military used in Vietnam, and the university gym located in Harlem, which would not benefit the African-American neighborhood population. In 1969, Flanagan joined Weatherman, a radical splinter group of the SDS, later known as the Weather Underground Organization (WUO).
Days of RageEdit
On October 8, 1969, Weatherman staged its first act of public aggression, at a rally in Chicago called the Days of Rage. The rally was staged in opposition to the Vietnam War, and its slogan was "Bring the War Home". Members gathered at Grant Park to listen to speeches by SDS leaders about Che Guevara and the world revolution. The rally turned to the streets of Chicago, where participants vandalized businesses, smashed car windows and blew up a statue of a policeman known as the Haymarket statue. During the rally, Flanagan had a physical encounter with then 35-year-old lawyer Richard Elrod that left Elrod with a broken neck and partially paralyzed from the neck down. Both men report different testimonials of what transpired that day. Flanagan stood trial for "attempted murder, aggravated battery, felonious mob action, and resisting arrest" and was acquitted on all charges. Michael Rollins, a reporter for WCFL who was interviewing Elrod just before Elrod broke away to chase Flanagan, supported Flanagan's description of what happened. Although he told his story to the police and the state's attorney's office, he was never called before the grand jury. Richard Hinchion, 43, an insulating contractor from Munster, Indiana was another eyewitness supporting that version.
Weather Underground OrganizationEdit
On March 6, 1970, Diana Oughton, Terry Robbins, and Ted Gold, members of Weatherman died in a Greenwich Village townhouse explosion when a nail bomb detonated after members purchased two 50-pound cases of dynamite. It was explained later that the bombs were to be detonated at a non-commissioned officers' dance at Fort Dix. In an interview, Flanagan suggested that he helped one Weatherman member, Kathy Boudin, who later served 22 years in prison for felony murder and robbery, flee New York City after police investigations placed her in the townhouse during the time of the explosion. Following the townhouse deaths, many members of Weatherman went into hiding, forming Weather Underground Organization, said to be responsible for a series of bombings of US state and federal buildings between 1970 and 1975.
In the documentary film The Weather Underground, Flanagan admits to participating in Weather's bombings during the 1970s. During a memorable moment in the film, Flanagan states, "When you feel you have right on your side, you can do some horrific things". After resurfacing from the underground, Flanagan joined the Prairie Fire Organizing Committee, the above-ground wing of Weather Underground Organization. Like many members of the Weather Underground Organization, Flanagan was never jailed for his involvement due to the illegal evidence-gathering tactics of the FBI's COINTELPRO program.
The FBI surveillance files on Weatherman reported that on October 20, 1970, Flanagan was in Algeria meeting with Eldridge Cleaver, fugitive Black Panther Party leader. While in Algeria, Flanagan also met with Jennifer Dohrn, the sister of Bernardine Dohrn, along with Stew Albert and Jerry Rubin, two members of the Yippies.
In the 1990s, Flanagan played pool on a professional billiards circuit and worked as a carpenter and bartender. In 1996, he won $23,000 as a contestant on the television game show Jeopardy!. Flanagan continued his interest in trivia, hosting a weekly trivia contest at his bar, the Night Café in Manhattan, which he ran for fifteen years. Forced out of the space due to increased rent, the Night Cafe closed in September 2007.
- Smith, Bryan (December 2006). "Sudden Impact". Chicago.
- "Nation: Police: Tales of Three Cities". Time. June 20, 1970.
- Wilkerson 341[full citation needed]
- "The Americans who declared war on their country". The Observer. The Weather Underground.
- Sam Green, Director/Producer; Bill Siegel, Co-Director/Producer (November 21, 2002). "The Weather Underground". Independent Lens. PBS.
- Next Left Notes - A News Magazine Devoted To Participatory Democracy and Direct Action Archived February 14, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
- FBI Chicago Field Office. "Weather Underground (Weathermen) Part 5 of 6". Federal Bureau of Investigation. p. 26. Retrieved November 17, 2013.
- Cohler, Sarah (September 17, 2007). "Night Cafe Owner Keeps to Tradition on Bar's Last Night". Columbia Spectator.