Breach is a 2007 American spy thriller film directed by Billy Ray. The screenplay, written by Ray, Adam Mazer and William Rotko, is based on the true story of Robert Hanssen, an FBI agent convicted of spying for the Soviet Union and later Russia for more than two decades, and Eric O'Neill, who worked as his assistant and helped bring about his downfall. O'Neill served as a consultant on the film. The film received generally positive reviews.
Original theatrical poster
|Directed by||Billy Ray|
|Produced by||Scott Kroop|
|Screenplay by||Billy Ray|
|Story by||Adam Mazer|
|Music by||Mychael Danna|
|Edited by||Jeffrey Ford|
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
|February 16, 2007|
|Box office||$41 million|
Eric O'Neill (Ryan Phillippe) is a young FBI employee assigned to work undercover as a clerk to Robert Hanssen (Chris Cooper), a senior agent he is told is suspected of being a sexual deviant. Hanssen has been recalled from a detail post at the State Department to FBI headquarters ostensibly to head up a new division specializing in Information Assurance. Initially, Hanssen insists on a strict formality between the two men. He frequently rails against the bureaucracy of the FBI and complains that only those who regularly "shoot guns" are considered for senior positions instead of those, like himself, who are involved in vital national security matters. He calls the bureau's information technology systems antiquated and laments the lack of coordination and information exchange with other intelligence agencies.
Eventually, Hanssen becomes a friend and mentor to O'Neill and takes a personal interest in him and his wife Juliana (Caroline Dhavernas), who is suspicious of Hanssen and resents his intrusions. A devout Catholic who is also a member of Opus Dei, Hanssen urges O'Neill, a lapsed Catholic, and his secular East German-born wife to become active churchgoers.
O'Neill finds no evidence of Hanssen leading a secret double life and develops a growing respect for his boss, so he confronts his handler in the undercover assignment, Kate Burroughs (Laura Linney), and she admits that the sexual deviance allegations are only a secondary consideration. Hanssen is suspected of spying for the Soviet Union and Russia for years and being responsible for the deaths of agents working for the United States. The entire Information Assurance Division that Hanssen now heads was created specifically to lure him away from his previous job as liaison to the State Department, and his office was specially constructed with hidden surveillance equipment. The investigation already includes fifty agents, and is personally overseen by FBI Director Louis Freeh, who has been reading O'Neill's reports on Hanssen.
Although the FBI already has enough evidence to arrest Hanssen, director Freeh wants to catch Hanssen in the act of making a drop so that their case against him will be airtight, ensuring that he will cooperate once arrested and not retaliate by exposing more undercover agents and informants. O'Neill is ordered to obtain data from Hanssen's Palm Pilot and keep him occupied while FBI agents search his car and plant covert listening devices in it.
The tracking devices in Hanssen's car cause interference with the radio, which makes Hanssen suspicious. He also wonders why he was placed in an isolated position in the FBI only a few months before he is scheduled to retire. He tells O'Neill he believes he is being watched by Russian agents. The FBI intercepts a message he sends to his Russian handlers saying he will not provide any more information. O'Neill persuades Hanssen that he is not being trailed by the Russians or by him on behalf of the FBI. With his confidence restored, Hanssen makes one last dead drop of stolen information and the FBI catches him in the act.
Although he is assured promotion, O'Neill is discouraged with the toll the case has taken on his marriage and opts to leave the agency. When O'Neill leaves his office with his belongings, he unexpectedly encounters Hanssen in an elevator being escorted by arresting officers. A tearful Hanssen asks O'Neill to pray on his behalf, and O'Neill promises he will.
- Chris Cooper as Robert Hanssen
- Ryan Phillippe as Eric O'Neill
- Laura Linney as Katherine "Kate" Burroughs
- Caroline Dhavernas as Juliana O'Neill
- Dennis Haysbert as Dean Plesac
- Gary Cole as Richard "Rich" Garces
- Kathleen Quinlan as Bonnie Hanssen
- Bruce Davison as John O'Neill
- Tom Barnett as Jim Olsen
- Jonathan Watton as Geddes
- Jonathan Potts as DIA Suit
- David Huband as Photographer
- Catherine Burdon as Agent Nece
- Scott Gibson as Agent Sherin
The review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reported 84% of critics gave the film positive reviews, based on 177 reviews. Metacritic reported the film had an average score of 74 out of 100, based on 36 reviews.
Manohla Dargis of The New York Times said, "One of the strengths of Breach, a thriller that manages to excite and unnerve despite our knowing the ending, is how well it captures the utter banality of this man and his world."
Peter Travers of Rolling Stone rated the film 3½ out of four stars, calling it a "steadily gripping hothouse of a thriller." He added, "Director and co-writer Billy Ray, who detailed the misconduct of journalist Stephen Glass at The New Republic in 2003's Shattered Glass ... proves himself a filmmaker of uncommon talent and ambition."
Ruthe Stein of the San Francisco Chronicle commented, "Breach suffers from lavishing so much attention on a relatively minor figure ... O'Neill, at least the way he's presented, isn't a particularly compelling character, and he is made less so by Phillippe's lackluster performance ... [The film] expends too much energy on a minor functionary, but it is still worth seeing for its fleeting looks into a heart of darkness."
Peter Rainer of The Christian Science Monitor named Breach the best film of the year. Richard Schickel of Time ranked it #6 and called Chris Cooper's performance "brilliant". Stephen Hunter of The Washington Post named it the ninth best film of 2007.
The film opened on 1,489 theaters screens in the US and earned $10,504,990 on its opening weekend, ranking #6 among all films in release. It eventually grossed $33,231,264 domestically and $7,722,671 in foreign markets for a total worldwide box office of $40,953,935.
The filmmakers fictionalized much of Eric O'Neill's story, as mentioned in the end credits. Among the major changes made for the film:
- The real O'Neill knew going in that Hanssen was the subject of a counterintelligence investigation. There was no cover story about sexual perversions and no dramatic meeting where O'Neill learned the truth.
- There was no extensive contact outside the office between O'Neill and Hanssen as portrayed in the film (the O'Neills visiting the Hanssens, the Hanssens dropping by O'Neill's apartment). However, Hanssen did take O'Neill to church.
- The scene in which Hanssen takes O'Neill out into the woods and drunkenly fires his pistol is fictional.
- Unlike in the movie, O'Neill never saw Hanssen after the arrest.
- While O'Neill did obtain Hanssen's PDA, he took it to FBI technicians to download rather than downloading it himself.
- As he was getting arrested, Hanssen said, "What took you so long?"; whereas the film portrays Hanssen repeating, "Guns won't be necessary."
- Richard "Rich" Garces is a Latin American.
O'Neill's memoir about the Hanssen case, : My Undercover Mission to Expose America's First Cyber Spy, was published by Penguin Random House in spring 2019.
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- Travers, Peter (February 16, 2007). "Breach". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
- Stein, Ruthe (February 16, 2007). "'Breach' all but ignores fascinating bad guy". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2011-08-23.
- Schickel, Richard (December 9, 2007). "50 Top 10 Lists of 2007". Time.com. Retrieved 2011-08-23.
- "Breach". BoxOfficeMojo.com. April 12, 2007. Retrieved 2011-08-23.
- "Billy Ray and Eric O'Neill Discuss "Breach"". About.com. June 17, 2010. Archived from the original on 2011-06-07. Retrieved 2011-08-23.
- "'Breach': Secrets and Double Lives". ABC News. February 20, 2007. Retrieved 2011-08-23.
- "Gray Day by Eric O'Neill | PenguinRandomHouse.com: Books". PenguinRandomhouse.com. Retrieved 2019-03-22.