Brane Barrow

Brane Barrow, or Chapel Euny Barrow, is a Neolithic entrance grave located near the hamlet of Brane, Cornwall It is considered to be one of the smallest and best preserved burial monuments in Britain.

Brane Barrow
Brane burial chamber - geograph.org.uk - 1040.jpg
LocationCornwall
Coordinates50°05′48″N 5°38′06″W / 50.0968°N 5.6350°W / 50.0968; -5.6350Coordinates: 50°05′48″N 5°38′06″W / 50.0968°N 5.6350°W / 50.0968; -5.6350
Builtc.2500-1000 BC
Brane Barrow is located in Southwest Cornwall
Brane Barrow
Location of Brane Barrow in Southwest Cornwall

HistoryEdit

Entrance graves date to the later Neolithic era and Bronze Age (c.2500-1000 BC). Circular in shape, most entrance graves were built with a mound of heaped rubble and soil, typically up to 82 feet (25m) in diameter. The perimeter of the mound was marked with kerbstone. It held a rectangular chamber built of stone slabs or coursed rubble stone, or a combination of the two. The chamber roof was made of stone slabs, called capstones. Access to the chamber was through an opening in the mound's kerb or outer edge.[1]

Brane barrow was first discovered by William Copeland Borlase in 1863 while he was exploring an underground structure, probably Carn Euny, a short distance away. Borlase refers to the structure as the barrow near Chapel Euny, because of its location near the village of Chapel Euny. The farmer who owned the site told Borlase that he did not destroy the barrow because it was provided a good shelter for ship and pigs.[2]

DescriptionEdit

 
Drawing of barrow by William Borlase, 1872

Brane Barrow is a scheduled burial monument located 317 yards (290m) south west of Brane End Farm, and 1.2 miles (2 km) southwest of the village of Sancreed, in Cornwall.[3] The monument includes an entrance grave, situated in a low-lying pasture close to the upper Lamorna River.[4]

The barrow is a circular mound of earth and stones, measuring up to 20 feet (6.1m) in diameter. The mound is surrounded and retained by a border of large granite blocks. It contains a rectangular stone-lined chamber measuring 7.5 ft (2.3m) long by 4 ft (1.2m) wide and 3 ft (0.9m) high. The chamber is roofed with two capstones: a third capstone was removed at some point. On the southeast is an entrance passage that leads directly into the chamber. [1][5] It is unusual that the mound was constructed to just barely cover the chamber. The mound is damaged on the south side where the earth has been removed to expose the chamber.[6] The burial monument can be visited with permission at Brane farm.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Entrance grave 290m south west of Brane End Farm". Historic England. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  2. ^ Borlase, William Copeland (1872). Naenia Cornubiae: A Descriptive Essay of the Sepulchres and Funereal Customs of the Early Inhabitants of Early Cornwall. Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer. pp. 75–77.
  3. ^ "Brane". Megalithics.com. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  4. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (1977). Cornwall (The Buildings of England). Pevsner Architectural Guides. p. 207. ISBN 0140710019.
  5. ^ Castleden, Rodney. Neolithic Britain: New Stone Age sites of England, Scotland and Wales. Routledge. pp. 30–31. ISBN 978-1138812703.
  6. ^ HUT BARROW, Pastscape, retrieved 21 May 2013
  7. ^ Julian Cope (1998). The Modern Antiquarian: A Pre-millennial Odyssey Through Megalithic Britain : Including a Gazetteer to Over 300 Prehistoric Sites. Thorsons Pub. p. 157. ISBN 978-0-7225-3599-8.