Brain Gender

Brain Gender [1] is a book by Melissa Hines,[2] Hines graduated with an undergraduate degree from Princeton, following through with a doctorate in psychology from UCLA.[3] Currently, Hines is a psychologist and neuroscientist at the University of Cambridge.

Brain Gender
Brain Gender.jpg
AuthorMelissa Hines
PublisherOxford University Press
Publication date
April 14, 2005

Brain Gender is a book exploring the biological differences between sex and gender. Hines questions whether or not different biological differences, such as hormones, affect the way people develop and act. Hines demonstrates the possibilities that genetic, biological, neuroendocrine, behavioral, social, and statistical aspects of born sex affect the differences between males or females in gender roles.[4]

In the end of the book, it is concluded that the human tendency to perceive generalized gender differences is not supported by evidence. Biology does not imply a deterministic set of gender creation or identification.[5]


  1. ^ "Oxford University Press: Brain Gender: Melissa Hines". Retrieved 2009-12-01. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ "Home Page". Retrieved 2009-12-01. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ Rosenthal, Miriam (November 2004). "Brain Gender". The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 192 (11): 801–802. doi:10.1097/01.nmd.0000144965.43845.41.
  4. ^ Bodnar, Richard (2004-08-25). "Gender". The Journal of the American Medical Association. 292 (8).
  5. ^ Hill, Daryl; Tenenbaum, Harriet (2006-10-18). "Book Review: Brain Gender". Feminism & Psychology. 16 (4): 495–501. doi:10.1177/0959353506068789.