The first member of the family using the name Brahe is speculated to have been Verner Braghde from Halland. Better documented is Peder Axelsen Brahe, who appears in late 14th century records. He had two sons, Thorkild and Axel Pedersen Brahe.
- Jørgen Thygesen Brahe (1515–1565): holder of a seignory
- Otte Brahe (1517–1571): nobleman, governor and member of the Rigsraad, brother of Jørgen Thygesen
Johanna Torkildsdotter from the Danish Brahe family, married Magnus Laurentsson in Sweden. Their son took his mother's family name Brahe, but not her family arms.
- Per Brahe the Elder (1520–1590): statesman
- Erik Brahe (1552–1614): Count of Visingsborg
- Gustaf Brahe (1558–1615), riksråd of Sweden – loyal to king Sigismund – and later, Polish general
- Magnus Brahe (1564–1633): Lord High Steward of Sweden
- Abraham Brahe (1569–1630): Swedish Count
- Erik Brahe (1722–1756): Marshal and Colonel
- Magnus Fredrik Brahe (1756–1826): Swedish Count
- Magnus Brahe (1790–1844): statesman and soldier