Bonnie Scotland (horse)

Bonnie Scotland (foaled 1853) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse, who finished second in the St Leger Stakes and won the Doncaster Stakes, after which he broke down. After one season at stud in England, he was exported to America where he stood in Ohio. Relatively late in his career, Bonnie Scotland was relocated to Tennessee and became the leading sire in North America, with notable offspring including Hall of Famer Luke Blackburn and Belmont Stakes winner George Kinney. Through his grandson Ben Brush, Bonnie Scotland's sire line produced multiple American Classic winners in the early 20th century.

Bonnie Scotland
SireIago (GB)
GrandsireDon John (GB)
DamQueen Mary (GB)
DamsireGladiator (GB)
DiedFebruary 1, 1880
Belle Meade Stud, Nashville, Tennessee
CountryGreat Britain
BreederWilliam l'Anson
Record4: 2-1-0[2]
Major wins
Liverpool St Leger (1856)
Doncaster Stakes (1856)
Leading sire in North America (1880, 1882)

Background edit

Bonnie Scotland was a bay horse who was sired by Iago out of Queen Mary by Gladiator. Although Iago was a relatively obscure sire, Queen Mary came to be one of the most influential mares of her time, founding thoroughbred family 10-a. On the racetrack, Queen Mary's best foal was Blink Bonny, who won the Derby and Oaks in 1857. Four of Queen Mary's foals became major producers themselves, with Braxey and Blooming Heather founding families 10-d and 10-e respectively.[2][3]

Bonnie Scotland stood 16 hands (64 inches, 163 cm) high and was said to be an attractive horse with good conformation. According to horseman Henry Herbert, "he has the longest shoulder, deepest heart-place, best forehand, shortest saddle-place, and the most powerful quarters of any horse now before the public."[2]

Racing career edit

Bonnie Scotland made only four career starts, recording two wins and one second-place finish. His first win came in the Liverpool St Leger, followed by a second-place finish in the St Leger Stakes at Doncaster. His last start was in the Doncaster Stakes at a distance of 12 furlongs. He won the race but then broke down, prompting his retirement.[2]

Stud career edit

Bonnie Scotland stood his first year at stud in England but got little support – he sired only two foals in his first crop. He was sold to Eugene Leigh and was imported to the United States in 1857. He stood at Fashion Stud in Ohio from 1858 to 1867, then moved to Kentucky, then Illinois. In 1873 at the advanced age of 20, he was purchased by William G. Harding of Belle Meade Stud in Tennessee, one of the major breeding operations of the time. Bonnie Scotland remained at Belle Meade for the rest of his life, dying on February 1, 1880.[2][4]

Bonnie Scotland was the leading sire in North America of 1880 and 1882, and finished second in both 1868 and 1871. He is credited with 21 stakes winners, including Belmont Stakes winner George Kinney and Hall of Fame inductee Luke Blackburn.[2] Another son, Bramble, had a solid racing career but is most famous as the sire of champion and leading sire Ben Brush.[5] Ben Brush, himself a winner of the Kentucky Derby, established a sire line that produced Classic winners such as Regret, Sweep and Whiskery.[6] Bonnie Scotland was also a successful broodmare sire, most notably through his daughter Bourbon Belle who produced champion and leading sire Hanover.[4]

Pedigree edit

Pedigree of Bonnie Scotland (GB), bay horse, foaled 1853[1]
Don John Waverley Whalebone
Comus Mare Comus
Scandal Selim Buzzard
Alexander Mare
Haphazard Mare Haphazard
Queen Mary
Gladiator Partisan Walton
Pauline Moses
Plenipotentiary Mare Plenipotentiary Emilius
Myrrha Whalebone
Gift (family 10-a)[3]

Bonnie Scotland is input 4S x 4D to Whalebone, meaning Whalebone appears in the fourth generation on both the sire's and dam's sides of the pedigree.

References edit

  1. ^ a b "Pedigree of Bonnie Scotland". Equineline. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Bonnie Scotland (horse)". American Classic Pedigrees. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  3. ^ a b "Thoroughbred Bloodlines - Queen Mary - Family 10-a". Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  4. ^ a b Peters, Anne. "Portrait of Bonnie Scotland". Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  5. ^ "Ben Brush (horse)". American Classic Pedigrees. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  6. ^ "Pot8os Sire Line". Retrieved 24 April 2021.