Boniface Alexandre

Boniface Alexandre (born 31 July 1936) is a Haitian politician.

Boniface Alexandre
Boniface Alexandre.jpg
President of Haiti
In office
29 February 2004 – 14 May 2006
Prime MinisterYvon Neptune
Gérard Latortue
Preceded byJean-Bertrand Aristide
Succeeded byRené Préval
Personal details
Born (1936-07-31) 31 July 1936 (age 84)
Spouse(s)Célima Dorcély


Alexandre was raised by his uncle, Martial Célestin. Trained as a lawyer, he worked for a law firm in Port-au-Prince for 25 years before being appointed to the Supreme Court in 1992. President Aristide later appointed him as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court in 2002.[1]

He served as provisional president of Haiti from 2004 to 2006 after Aristide relinquished the presidency. The 2004 Haitian coup d'état removed President Jean-Bertrand Aristide from the Americas on 29 February 2004. Following this, Alexandre, as the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and therefore next in the presidential line of succession, assumed the office of president. During Alexandre's acting presidency, Amnesty International reported "excessive use of force by police officers", extrajudicial executions, a lack of investigations into these, escalation of "unlawful killings and kidnappings by illegal armed groups", failure of officials to prevent and punish violence against women, dysfunctionality of the justice system, and forty or more people imprisoned without charge or trial.[2]

Alexandre left office on 14 May 2006, when René Préval, winner of the February 2006 presidential election, was sworn in as president.

He is a nephew of the country's first prime minister, Martial Célestin.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ R. Hall, Michael (2012). Historical Dictionary of Haiti. Scarecrow Press. p. 14. ISBN 9780810878105.
  2. ^ "2006 Annual Report for Haiti". Amnesty International. 2006. Archived from the original on 29 November 2008. Retrieved 6 August 2009.