Black rice, also known as purple rice or forbidden rice, is a range of rice types of the species Oryza sativa, some of which are glutinous rice.

Black rice
Balatinaw (or Balatinao), an heirloom black rice from Mountain Province, Philippines
Black rice as sold in China

There are several varieties of black rice available today. These include Indonesian black rice, Philippine heirloom balatinaw black rice and pirurutong black glutinous rice,[1][2] and Thai jasmine black rice. Black rice is known as chak-hao in Manipur, India and as “kavuni arisi” or “kavuni rice” in Tamil Nadu, India.

In Bangladesh, it is known as kalo dhaner chaal (black paddy rice) and used to make polao or rice-based desserts. The bran hull (outermost layer) of black rice contains one of the highest levels of anthocyanins found in food.[3] The grain has a similar amount of fiber to brown rice and like brown rice, has a mild, nutty taste.[4]

Black rice has a deep black color and usually turns deep purple when cooked. Its dark purple color is primarily due to its anthocyanin content,[5] which is higher by weight than that of other colored grains.[6][7] It is suitable for creating porridge, dessert, traditional Chinese black rice cake, bread, and noodles. Black rice is becoming more well-known as a result of its photochemistry, functional qualities, dietary applications, and potential health advantages, according to a recent article by Rahim et al. (2022). Black rice is high in antioxidants, vitamins, minerals, and fiber, according to the authors, and may help control or prevent a number of illnesses like diabetes, cancer, and heart disease.[8]

USDA Nutrition Value per 100g[9][10]
Name Amount Unit
Energy 356 kcal
Protein 8.89 g
Total lipid (fat) 3.33 g
Carbohydrate, by difference 75.56 g
Fiber, total dietary 2.2 g
Sugars, total including NLEA 0 g
Calcium, Ca 0 mg
Iron, Fe 2.4 mg
Sodium, Na 0 mg
Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 0 mg
Vitamin A, IU 0 IU
Fatty acids, total saturated 0 g
Fatty acids, total trans 0 g
Cholesterol 0 mg

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Heirloom rice preserved, made productive". Philippine Rice Research Institute. Department of Agriculture, Philippines. 2017-02-20. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  2. ^ Marketman (2007-11-27). "Pirurutong at Tapol / Purple and White Glutinous Rice". Market Manila. Retrieved 2022-07-19.
  3. ^ Yao, S. L.; Xu, Y; Zhang, Y. Y.; Lu, Y. H. (2013). "Black rice and anthocyanins induce inhibition of cholesterol absorption in vitro". Food & Function. 4 (11): 1602–8. doi:10.1039/c3fo60196j. PMID 24056583.
  4. ^ "Food Grains of India". Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew). 232-234. 1892 (70): 234. 1892. doi:10.2307/4102547. JSTOR 4102547.
  5. ^ Oikawa, T.; Maeda, H.; Oguchi, T.; Yamaguchi, T.; Tanabe, N.; Ebana, K. Yano; M., Ebitani; T., Izawa, T. (2015). "The birth of a black rice gene and its local spread by introgression". Plant Cell. 27 (9): 2401–2414. doi:10.1105/tpc.15.00310. PMC 4815089. PMID 26362607.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ Ichikawa, Haruyo; Ichiyanagi, Takashi; Xu, Bing; Yoshii, Yoichi; Nakajima, Masaharu; Konishi, Tetsuya (2001). "Antioxidant activity of anthocyanin extract from purple black rice". Journal of Medicinal Food. 4 (4): 211–218. doi:10.1089/10966200152744481. PMID 12639403.
  7. ^ Abdel-Aal, El-Sayed M; Young, J. Christopher; Rabalski, Iwona (2006). "Anthocyanin composition in black, blue, pink, purple, and red cereal grains". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 54 (13): 4696–704. doi:10.1021/jf0606609. PMID 16787017.
  8. ^ Rahim, Muhammad Abdul; Umar, Maryam; Habib, Ayesha; Imran, Muhammad; Khalid, Waseem; Lima, Clara Mariana Gonçalves; Shoukat, Aurbab; Itrat, Nizwa; Nazir, Anum; Ejaz, Afaf; Zafar, Amna; Awuchi, Chinaza Godswill; Sharma, Rohit; Santana, Renata Ferreira; Emran, Talha Bin (2022-10-14). "Photochemistry, Functional Properties, Food Applications, and Health Prospective of Black Rice". Journal of Chemistry. 2022: e2755084. doi:10.1155/2022/2755084. ISSN 2090-9063.
  9. ^ Saikia, Partha. "Black Rice-Nutrition, Recipe & Benefits (Manipuri Black Rice)". North East India info. Retrieved 2020-06-25.
  10. ^ "FoodData Central". Retrieved 2020-06-25.