Black Shawl or Tasina Sapewin was the wife of Crazy Horse, whom she married in 1871. She was Crazy Horse's second wife.[1] She was a member of the Oglala Lakota and relative of Spotted Tail. She was the sister of Red Feather.[2]

Black Shawl
Tasina Sapewin
Oglala Lakota leader
Personal details
BornUnited States
United States
Spouse(s)Crazy Horse
RelationsSpotted Tail, sister, Red Feather
ChildrenThey Are Afraid of Her

The elders sent Black Shawl to heal Crazy Horse after his altercation with No Water.[3] She was known at the time as having skill in treating bullet wounds.[4]

Black Shawl was presented to Crazy Horse as a potential bride when she was twenty-four, which was considered late for a betrothal.[5] Crazy Horse was twenty-eight when marriage was discussed between the two families.[6]

She had a daughter in 1871, named They Are Afraid of Her. They Are Afraid of Her died at age three, likely of cholera.[7] Black Shawl also suffered the same disease, and was treated by Dr. Valentine McGillycuddy.

Crazy Horse's relationship with Black Shawl lasted longer than the other two romantic relationships that he had in his life. They were known to be "sociable in the tipi", indicating a contented home life, and she supported his life as a warrior.[6]

Black Shawl died during a seasonal influenza outbreak in 1927.


Suzan Ball played Black Shawl in the 1955 film Chief Crazy Horse.[8]


  1. ^ Hardorff, Richard G., ed. (1998). The Surrender and Death of Crazy Horse: A Source Book about a Tragic Episode in Lakota History. Arthur H. Clarke Company. p. 43. ISBN 9780870622830. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  2. ^ Ambrose, Stephen E. (2003). Crazy Horse and Custer: The Epic Clash of Two Great Warriors at the Little Bighorn. Pocket Books. p. 356. ISBN 9780743468640. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  3. ^ "The William Garnett Interview", in The Surrender and Death of Crazy Horse: A Source Book, Ed. Richard G Hardoff, 1998. p. 43
  4. ^ Matson, William B. (2016). "A Family Man". Crazy Horse: The Lakota Warrior's Life & Legacy. Gibbs Smith. ISBN 9781423641247.
  5. ^ Sajna, Mike (2005). Crazy Horse: The Life Beyond the Legend. Castle Books. p. 235. ISBN 9780785820369. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  6. ^ a b Bray, Kingsley M. (2014). Crazy Horse: A Lakota Life. University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 127, 173. ISBN 9780806183749. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  7. ^ Matson, William B. (2016). "Painful Losses". Crazy Horse: The Lakota Warrior's Life & Legacy. Gibbs Smith. ISBN 9781423641247.
  8. ^ Powers, Dorothy R. (April 2, 1955). "Indian Treated with Sympathy". Spokane Spokesman-Review. Retrieved 25 September 2020.