Black Bengal goat

The Black Bengal goat is a breed of goat found throughout Bangladesh, West Bengal, Assam, and Odisha.[1] This breed is usually colored black but it is also found in brown, white or gray. The Black Bengal goat is small in size but its body structure is tight. Its horns are small and legs are short. An adult male goat weights about 25 to 30 kg and female 20 to 25 kg. It is poor in milk production. It is very popular in Bangladesh because of its low demand for feed and high kid production rate.[citation needed] The Black Bengal goats gain sexual maturity at earlier age than most other breeds. The female goat becomes pregnant twice a year and gives birth to one to three kids.[2] This breed can adapt to any environment easily and its disease resistance is very high.

Black Bengal goat

It produces high-quality meat and skin, and is preferred for the skin and high proliferation rate.[3]

This breed plays a very important role in reducing unemployment and poverty from Bangladesh.[4] They can eat most vegetables, grasses and leaves, but a high amount of carrots is fatal to them.


The Black Bengal goat's genome was fully sequenced by the "Genomics Research Group" lead by Dr. Amam Zonaed Siddiki, Professor of Department of Pathology and Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (CVASU).[5][6] The genome analysis of Black Bengal Goat has shown that its genome size is about 3.04 gb of which around 31.85% are repeats. Though it is predicted that there are 26,458 genes in 29 chromosomes; the gene structure annotation of only 12,589 genes are done. In addition to that, at least one ontology term was found among 8173 genes.[7]


  1. ^ Mason, I. L. A World Dictionary of Livestock Breeds. CAB International. ISBN 978-0-85199-102-3.
  2. ^ Chowdhury, S. A.; Bhuiyan, M. S. A.; Faruk, S. (2002). "Rearing Black Bengal Goat under Semi-Intensive Management 1. Physiological and Reproductive Performances" (PDF). Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal. 15 (4): 477–484. doi:10.5713/ajas.2002.477.
  3. ^ "Black Bengal Goat profile info Guide". June 2015.
  4. ^ "Prized Black Bengal Goats of Bangladesh". 19 March 2007.
  5. ^ "Bangladeshi scientists decode genome sequence of Black Bengal goat". Prothom Alo. Retrieved 2019-08-26.
  6. ^ "Black Bengal goat's genome decoded". The Daily Star. 2019-08-25. Retrieved 2019-08-26.
  7. ^ Siddiki AZ, Baten A, Billah M, Alam MA, Shawrob KS, Saha S, et al. (June 2019). "The genome of the Black Bengal goat (Capra hircus)". BMC Research Notes. 12 (1): 362. doi:10.1186/s13104-019-4400-3. PMC 6598337. PMID 31248431.

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