Bistones

Bistones (Greek: "Βίστονες") is the name of a Thracian people who dwelt between Mount Rhodopé and the Aegean Sea, beside Lake Bistonis, near Abdera[1] "extending westward as far as the river Nestus".[2] It was through the land of the Bistones that "Xerxes marched on his invasion of Greece (480 BC)".[1] "The Bistones continued to exist at the time when the Romans were masters of Thrace".[2] "Roman poets sometimes use the names of the Bistones for that of the Thracians in general."[2] "Pliny mentions one town as belonging to the Bistones: Tirida; the other towns on their coast, Dicaea, Ismaron, Parthenion, Phalesina and Maronea, were Greek colonies."[2]

MythologyEdit

The Bistones were militant people who worshiped Ares, Dionysus or Bacchus, Minerva,[2] and Bellona.[3]

In the play Alcestis by Euripides, the mythical Heracles is on his way "to the land of the Bistones" in his "labour for Tirynthian Eurystheus" "to fetch the chariot-steeds of Thracian Diomedes."[4] The Thracian Diomedes "was king of the Bistones".[5]

The Argonautica (line 78) implies Orpheus is king of Bistonian Pieria.[3]

"From the worship of Bacchus (Dionysus) in Thrace, Bacchic women are called Bistonides."[1] Similarity in some Latin poems, Edonis are Bacchic women from the Thracian tribe Edoni.

"Some traditions state that Phineus was killed by Boreas, or that he was carried off by the Harpyes into the country of the Bistones or Milchessians."[6]

According to another myth Biston founded the Bistones tribe.[3]

 
Approximate location of the Bistones

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Smith, William, ed. (1878). A New Classical Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography, Mythology and Geography. New York: Harper & Brothers, Publishers, Pearl Street, Franklin Square. p. 143. ark:/13960/t5q818b4j.
  2. ^ a b c d e Smith, William, ed. (1870). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. 1. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company. p. 403. ark:/13960/t14m93874.
  3. ^ a b c Kroll; Wissowa; John; Ziegler; Witte; Mittelhaus; Gärtner (eds.). Paulys Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft (RE). Band III, 1 (1897), column 504-505. Wikimedia Commons.
  4. ^ "Alcestis (468-529)". The Plays of Euripides. 1. Translated by Coleridge, Edward P. London: G. Bell And Sons, Limited. 1910. p. 130. ark:/13960/t6tx37b16.
  5. ^ Smith (1870) Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography Vol 1 p. 1026
  6. ^ Smith, William, ed. (1870). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 3. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company. p. 336. ark:/13960/t23b60t0r.

See alsoEdit