Bistones (Greek: "Βίστονες") is the name of a Thracian people who dwelt between Mount Rhodopé and the Aegean Sea, beside Lake Bistonis, near Abdera "extending westward as far as the river Nestus". It was through the land of the Bistones that "Xerxes marched on his invasion of Greece (480 BC)". "The Bistones continued to exist at the time when the Romans were masters of Thrace". "Roman poets sometimes use the names of the Bistones for that of the Thracians in general." "Pliny mentions one town as belonging to the Bistones: Tirida; the other towns on their coast, Dicaea, Ismaron, Parthenion, Phalesina and Maronea, were Greek colonies."
In the play Alcestis by Euripides, the mythical Heracles is on his way "to the land of the Bistones" in his "labour for Tirynthian Eurystheus" "to fetch the chariot-steeds of Thracian Diomedes." The Thracian Diomedes "was king of the Bistones".
- Smith, William, ed. (1878). A New Classical Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography, Mythology and Geography. New York: Harper & Brothers, Publishers, Pearl Street, Franklin Square. p. 143. ark:/13960/t5q818b4j.
- Smith, William, ed. (1870). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. 1. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company. p. 403. ark:/13960/t14m93874.
- Kroll; Wissowa; John; Ziegler; Witte; Mittelhaus; Gärtner (eds.). Paulys Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft (RE). Band III, 1 (1897), column 504-505. Wikimedia Commons.
- "Alcestis (468-529)". The Plays of Euripides. 1. Translated by Coleridge, Edward P. London: G. Bell And Sons, Limited. 1910. p. 130. ark:/13960/t6tx37b16.
- Smith (1870) Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography Vol 1 p. 1026
- Smith, William, ed. (1870). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 3. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company. p. 336. ark:/13960/t23b60t0r.