Bishopric of Verdun
|Bishopric of Verdun|
|Prince-bishopric of Holy Roman Empire|
The Three Bishoprics of Verdun, Metz and Toul in the upper half of this map, coloured green and outlined in pink.
|Historical era||Middle Ages|
• County established
• County ceded
to the bishopric
• Peace of Westphalia
This fief also included the advowson of the church of Verdun over its possessions along the river Moselle. According to a chronist's report, written around the year 900, the Merovingian king Childebert II (575–596) came to visit Verdun. There was not enough wine to serve the monarch and the Bishop Agericus was very embarrassed. However God rewarded him for his good deeds and miraculously increased the amount of wine. The king presented Agericus of Verdun with the Schloss Veldenz as a fief of Verdun "because of the wine". Around 1156 Frederick Barbarossa confirmed the holding by Bishop Albert I of Verdun of the castle together with the surrounding land.
A story that Peter (774-798), successor of Madalvaeus, was granted temporal lordship of the Diocese by Charlemagne, but this is no longer accepted.
Because of the destruction of the archives in a fire, Bishop Dadon (880-923) commissioned the Gesta episcoporum Virodunensium (Chronicle of the Bishops of Verdun) from Bertharius, a Benedictine monk. This was continued to 1250 by a second monk, Lawrence, and later by an anonymous writer.
A key element of Emperor Otto I's domestic policy was to strengthen ecclesiastical authorities at the expense of the nobility who threatened his power. To this end he filled the ranks of the episcopate with his own relatives and with loyal chancery clerks. As protector of the Church he invested them with the symbols of their offices, both spiritual and secular, so the clerics were appointed as his vassals through a commendation ceremony. Historian Norman Cantor concludes: "Under these conditions clerical election became a mere formality in the Ottonian empire ..." The Bishop of Verdun, appointed by Otto, was totally faithful to the emperor.
In 990 Bishop Haimont ordered the construction of a new cathedral on the Romano-Rhenish plan: a nave, two transepts, two opposing apses, each one flanked by two bell towers. The Holy Roman Emperor Otto III bestowed the title Count on Bishop Haimont (990-1024) and his successors in 997. The bishops had the right to appoint a temporary "count for life" (comte viager), theoretically subject to the authority of the bishop. These counts were selected from the noble family of Ardennes. There was frequent conflict between the count and the bishop.
With the marriage of Philip IV with Joan I of Navarre, the daughter of the Count of Champagne, Lorraine and particularly Verdun become a primary focus for the crown of France. After 1331, appointment to the episcopal see was controlled by the King of France rather than the Emperor.
- ca. 346: St. Saintin
- 356–383: St. Maurus
- ???–420: Salvinus
- ca. 440: Arator
- 454–470: Polychronius
- 470–486: Possessor
- 486–502: Freminus (Firminus)
- v. 614: Harimeris
- ???–621: St. Ermenfred
- 623–626: Godo
- 641–648: Paulus
- 648–665: Gisloald
- 665–689: Gerebert
- 689–701: Armonius
- 701–710: Agrebert
- 711–715: Bertalamius
- 716: Abbo
- 716–722: Pepo
- 722–730: Volchisus
- 730–732: Agronius
- 753–774: Madalveus
- 774–798: Peter
- 798–802: Austram
- 802–824: Heriland
- 824–847: Hilduin
- 847–870: Hatto
- 870–879: Bernard
- 880–923: Dado
- 923–925: Hugh I
- 925–939: Bernuin, son of Matfried I, Count of Metz, and of Lantesinde (sister of Dado)
- 939–959: Berengar
- 959–983: Wigfrid
- 983–984: Hugh II
- 984–984: Adalbero I, later Bishop of Metz (as Adalbero II). 
- 985–990: Adalbero II, cousin of predecessor..
- 990–1024: Haimont (Heymon)
- 1107–1114: Richard II of Grandpré
- 1114–1117: Mazo, administrator
- 1117–1129: Henry I of Blois, deposed at the Council of Chalon (1129)
- 1129–1131: Ursio
- 1131–1156: Adalbero III of Chiny
- 1156–1162: Albert I of Marcey
- 1163–1171: Richard III of Crisse
- 1172–1181: Arnulf of Chiny-Verdun
- 1181–1186: Henry II of Castel
- 1186–1208: Albert II of Hierges
- 1208–1216: Robert I of Grandpré
- 1217–1224: John I of Aspremont
- 1224–1245: Radulf of Torote
- 1245–1245: Guy (Wido) I of Traignel
- 1245–1247: Guy (Wido) II of Mellote
- 1247–1252: John II of Aachen
- 1252–1255: James (Jacques) I Pantaléon of Court-Palais
- 1255–1271: Robert II of Médidan
- 1271–1273: Ulrich of Sarvay
- 1275–1278: Gerard of Grandson
- 1278–1286: Henri of Grandson
- 1289–1296: James (Jacques) II of Ruvigny
- 1297–1302: John III of Richericourt
- 1303–1305: Thomas of Blankenberg
- 1305–1312: Nicholas I of Neuville
- 1312–1349: Henry IV of Aspremont
- 1349–1351: Otto of Poitiers
- 1352–1361: Hugh III of Bar
- 1362–1371: John IV of Bourbon-Montperoux
- 1371–1375: John V of Dampierre-St. Dizier
- 1375–1379: Guy III of Roye
- 1380–1404: Leobald of Cousance
- 1404–1419: John VI of Saarbrücken
- 1419–1423: Louis I of Bar († 1430), administrator
- 1423–1423: Raymond
- 1423–1424: William of Montjoie
- 1424–1430: Louis I of Bar († 1430), administrator
- 1430–1437: Louis of Haraucourt
- 1437–1449: William Fillatre
- 1449–1456: Louis of Haraucourt
- 1457–1500: William of Haraucourt
- 1500–1508: Warry de Dommartin
- 1508–1522: Louis de Lorraine
- 1523–1544: Jean de Lorraine (1498–1550), brother of predecessor
- 1544–1547: Nicolas de Mercœur (1524–1577), nephew of predecessor
- 1548–1575: Nicolas Psaume
- 1576–1584: Nicolas Bousmard
- 1585–1587: Charles de Lorraine
- 1588–1593: Nicolas Boucher
- 1593–1610: Eric of Lorraine
- 1593–1601: Christophe de la Vallée, administrator
- 1610–1622: Charles de Lorraine, nephew of predecessor
- 1623–1661: François de Lorraine (1599 † 1672), brother of predecessor
- 1667–1679: Armand de Monchy d'Hocquincourt
- 1681–1720: Hippolyte de Béthune
- 1721–1754: Charles-François D'Hallencourt
- 1754–1769: Aymar-Fr.-Chrétien-Mi. de Nicolai
- 1770–1793: Henri-Louis Rene Desnos
Until 1801 Verdun was part of the ecclesiastical province of the Archbishop of Trier. On November 29, 1801 it was suppressed and added to the Diocese of Nancy. On October 6, 1822 the diocese was re-established.
- "The first Lords of the Castle and the early Counts of Veldenz", Schloss Veldenz
- Goyau, Georges. "Diocese of Verdun". The Catholic Encyclopedia. New Advent. Retrieved April 26, 2013.
- Cantor, Norman F. (1994). The Civilization of the Middle Ages. p. 213, Harper Perennial. ISBN 978-0-06-092553-6
- ""Verdun, a rich history", Verduntourisme". Archived from the original on 2016-03-10. Retrieved 2016-03-09.
- Smith, William; Wace, Henry (1887). A Dictionary of Christian Biography, Literature, Sects and Doctrines, vol 4. Little, Brown & Company. p. 436.
- Gerzaguet, Jean-Pierre. "Dado of Verdun". Encyclopedia of the Medieval Chronicle, (Graeme Dunphy, ed.) Brill Online, 2016. Reference. 09 March 2016 (Wayback Machine 17 october 2016)
- Son of Frederick I, Duke of Upper Lorraine
- Son of René II, Duke of Lorraine.
- (1561–1587), bishop of Toul from 1580 to 1587, son of Nicolas de Mercœur.
- (1576–1623), son of Nicolas de Mercœur.
- Saive Numismatique