Bishop's Waltham Palace
|Bishop's Waltham Palace|
The palace and moat in winter
|OS grid reference|
|Official name: Bishop's Waltham Palace and associated fishponds|
|Designated||28 November 1934|
|Official name: Palace House, Bishops Waltham|
|Designated||5 March 1967|
The bishops of Winchester held lands in Waltham from Saxon times, having acquired it from King Edward the Elder in 904 in exchange for lands at Portchester. The remains of timber buildings have been found at the site which may have formed the early residence. Domesday Book records that the bishop had a park for wild animals here in 1086.
The first stone building was built by Henry de Blois in 1135. Little remains of this palace, apart from part of the undercroft as it was probably slighted, along with Henry de Blois' other palaces after Henry II came to the throne. The bishop having supported his brother, King Stephen in the civil war with Matilda. After Henry de Blois returned from exile in 1158 the palace was rebuilt, probably with further development under his successor, Richard of Ilchester. In the late 13th and 14th centuries, it was regularly used by the Bishops of Winchester as they travelled, along with Farnham Castle and Wolvesey Castle. Henry III also stayed there a number of times. Richard I held a council here in 1194 before his last expedition to France.
Between 1378 and 1401 the palace was largely rebuilt by Bishop William of Wykeham. Further additions were made by his successor Cardinal Beaufort. The final phase of work was carried out by Bishop Langton from 1495.
The palace was popular with Royalty, visited by Henry V, and used by Mary Tudor just prior to her marriage to Philip II at Winchester Cathedral. Henry VIII met Emperor Charles V at the palace in 1522 to negotiate the Treaty of Waltham.
In 1869 the Ecclesiastical Commissioners took over the site and sold it in 1889. The last owner, Viscount Cunningam, passed the ruins into the guardianship of the Office of Works in 1952. They are now looked after by English Heritage.
The palace is open to the public and is often used for local events such as the Bishop's Waltham Festival.
- "APPENDIX 5 Scheduled Ancient Monuments" (PDF). Winchester City Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 May 2006. Retrieved 15 January 2009.
- "Palace House, Bishop's Waltham". English Heritage. Retrieved 21 May 2017.
- Hare, J N (1987). Bishop's Waltham Palace. English Heritage. ISBN 1 85074 160 3.
- Anon (1975). Bishop's Waltham Palace. Department of the Environment.
- Three Palaces of the Bishop of Winchester, English Heritage, 2000