Bir Sreshtho

  (Redirected from Bir Shrestho)

The Bir Sreshtho (Bengali: বীরশ্রেষ্ঠ; The Most Valiant Hero), is the highest military award of Bangladesh.[1] It was awarded to seven freedom fighters who showed utmost bravery and died in action for their nation. They are considered martyrs.[2]

Bir Sreshtho (BS)
বীর শ্রেষ্ঠ পদক.jpg
Bir Sreshtho
TypeGallantry Award
Awarded forBravery Dedication of Life to Save the Mother Land.To those who have performed acts of greatest heroism or most conspicuous courage in circumstances of extreme danger and have shown bravery of the highest order or devotion to the country, in the presence of the enemy on land, at sea or in the air to save the motherland.
DescriptionBir Sreshtho (The Most Valiant Hero)
Presented byBangladesh
EligibilityMilitary only (Conferable on all ranks).
StatusAwarded by the Bangladesh Gazette 15 December 1973
Established1971
First awarded15 December 1973
Last awarded15 December 1973
Total7
Total awarded posthumously7
Total recipients7 fighters of the Bangladesh Liberation War
BirSreshthoRibbon.jpg
Bir Sreshtho ribbon
Precedence
Next (higher)None
EquivalentNone
Individual
equivalent
7
Next (lower)Bir Uttom

The other three gallantry awards are named, in decreasing order of importance, Bir Uttom, Bir Bikrom and Bir Protik. All of these awards were introduced immediately after the Liberation War in 1971.[3]

Recipients of the Bir SresthoEdit

All the recipients of this award were killed in action during the Liberation War of 1971. The award was published by the Bangladesh Gazette on 15 December 1973. It is the highest military award of Bangladesh, similar to the American Medal of Honor or the British Victoria Cross. It has only been given in 1973 to seven people. Listed below are the people who have received the Bir Srestho. They are all considered 'Shaheed' (Martyrs).

Bangladesh ArmyEdit

Serial No. ID Number & Rank Name Image
1 BSS-10439 Captain Mohiuddin Jahangir[4]  
2 3943014 Sepoy Hamidur Rahman[5]  
3 3937798 Sepoy Muhammad Mustafa Kamal[6]  

Bangladesh NavyEdit

Serial No. ID Number & Rank Name Image
4 62066

Engine Room Artificer,

Class-1

Mohammad Ruhul Amin[5]


 

Bangladesh Air ForceEdit

Serial No. ID Number & Rank Name Image
5 Pak/4367 Flight Lieutenant Matiur Rahman[7]  

Border Guards BangladeshEdit

Serial No. ID Number & Rank Name Image
6 Lance Naik Munshi Abdur Rouf[5]  
7 9459 Lance Naik Noor Mohammad Sheikh[8]  

Note: When referring to martyrs, the word 'shaheed' is often put before each individual's name as a mark of respect. The list has been prepared like the declaration by the Bangladesh Gazette.[9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bir Sreshtho - Bangladesh Army". www.army.mil.bd. Retrieved 2020-12-31.
  2. ^ "The Bir Sreshtho". birsreshtho.com. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
  3. ^ "Bir Sreshthos". Bangladesh Genocide Archive. 2012-03-14. Retrieved 2021-01-24.
  4. ^ "Nation to recall martyrdom of Bir Shreshtha Jahangir today". The Daily Star.
  5. ^ a b c "War heroes honoured". The Daily Star. UNB. 21 November 2009. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  6. ^ Chandan, Md Shahnawaz Khan. "A Hero's Tale". The Daily Star. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  7. ^ "Bangladesh 'war hero' goes home". BBC News. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  8. ^ "Preserve glorious history of Liberation War: President". The Financial Express. Dhaka. UNB. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
  9. ^ Bangladesh Government Gazettes. Dhaka: Ministry of Defense,Government of Bangladesh. 15 December 1973. p. Gazettes No-8/25/D-1/72-1378.