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A biosatellite is an artificial satellite designed to carry plants or animals in outer space.[citation needed] They are used to research the effects of space (cosmic radiation, weightlessness, etc.) on biological matter while in orbit around a celestial body. The first satellite carrying an animal (a dog, "Laika") was Soviet Sputnik 2 on November 3, 1957. On August 20, 1960 Soviet Sputnik 5 launched and recovered dogs from orbit Earth orbit.

NASA launched three satellites between 1966 and 1969 for the Biosatellite program.[1][2]

The most famous biosatellites include:

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Biosatellite, David Darling's Internet Encyclopedia of Science
  2. ^ Biosatellite, Encyclopedia Astronautica