Binnsville, Mississippi

Binnsville (variant name Binnville) is a ghost town in Kemper County, Mississippi, United States.[1]

Binnsville, Mississippi
John A. Byrd store in Binnsville, circa 1905
John A. Byrd store in Binnsville, circa 1905
Binnsville is located in Mississippi
Binnsville
Binnsville
Location in Mississippi and the United States
Binnsville is located in the United States
Binnsville
Binnsville
Binnsville (the United States)
Coordinates: 32°54′47″N 88°22′58″W / 32.91306°N 88.38278°W / 32.91306; -88.38278Coordinates: 32°54′47″N 88°22′58″W / 32.91306°N 88.38278°W / 32.91306; -88.38278
CountryUnited States
StateMississippi
CountyKemper
Elevation
236 ft (72 m)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
GNIS feature ID691705[1]

Once a thriving commercial and educational center, nothing remains of Binnsville but a church and cemetery.

HistoryEdit

The earliest record of settlement was the Chapman (or Chatam) Church, organized about 1840. Later known as the Prairie Church, and then the Binnsville United Methodist Church, it was rebuilt in 1974.[2][3]

The settlement's namesake, George Binn, located to the area in the 1870s and opened a store with a post office.[4]

Binnsville was the center of a rich farming region, with access to a riverboat port on the Noxubee River about 1.5 mi (2.4 km) north.[4][5]

By the late 1800s, Binnsville's population had grown to approximately 500, and it was described as "a bustling town" and "a thriving and prosperous community".[4] The settlement had as many as 16 stores, a post office, two drug stores, three churches, a Masonic Grand Lodge, a cotton gin and a grist mill.[4][5][6] Binnsville Cemetery was located south of the settlement.[7]

In 1886, the Mississippi Legislature passed a law stating that "no intoxicating liquors shall be sold or given away within one mile of Chapman Church, situated at Binnsville".[8]:311

Fairview Male and Female College, a segregated white facility, was established in Binnsville in 1887, and featured dormitories for both sexes. Described as "a school of more than local reputation", it had an enrollment of 150 in 1892, and was the first co-educational school in Kemper County.[4][9][10][11][12] A noted graduate was Alabama senator John H. Pinson.[13] The school closed in 1904.[12]

DeclineEdit

The area became isolated when the state abandoned dredging operations on the Noxubee River, reducing riverboat access.[4]

The town gradually moved 6 mi (9.7 km) southwest and became part of the Scooba community, which was located on the Gulf, Mobile and Ohio Railroad.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Binnsville
  2. ^ Allred, Gene (March 3, 2016). "Binnsville United Methodist Church". Msgen. Archived from the original on August 17, 2016. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Binnsville United Methodist Church
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Allred, Gene. "Binnsville Community, MS". Kemper County MS GenWeb. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  5. ^ a b Rowland, Dunbar (1907). Mississippi: Comprising Sketches of Counties, Towns, Events, Institutions, and Persons, Arranged in Cyclopedic Form. 1. Southern Historical Publishing Association. p. 244.
  6. ^ "Lodges Under the Jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Mississippi Past and Present". Icrr.net. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Binnsville Cemetery
  8. ^ Laws of the State of Mississippi. R.H. Henry. 1886. p. 311.
  9. ^ Laws of the State of Mississippi. R.H. Henry. 1888. p. 637.
  10. ^ Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Mississippi: Embracing an Authentic and Comprehensive Account of the Chief Events in the History of the State and a Record of the Lives of Many of the Most Worthy and Illustrious Families and Individuals. Goodspeed. 1891. p. 867.
  11. ^ "Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Education". Mississippi Department of Education. January 6, 1892.
  12. ^ a b McConnell, Thelma (July 30, 2014). "Binnsville Community Then and Now". Kemper County Messenger.
  13. ^ "Pinson (Hamet and family) Papers" (PDF). Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections; Special Collections, Hill Memorial Library; Louisiana State University Libraries. 2007.