Biermann battery

In astrophysics, the Biermann battery is a process by which a weak seed magnetic field can be generated from zero initial conditions.[1] The relative motion between electrons and ions is driven by rotation. The process was discovered by Ludwig Biermann in 1950.[2][3]


  1. ^ Xu, Hao; O'Shea, Brian W.; Collins, David C.; Norman, Michael L.; Li, Hui; Li, Shengtai (2008). "The Biermann Battery in Cosmological MHD Simulations of Population III Star Formation". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 688 (2): L57. arXiv:0807.2647. Bibcode:2008ApJ...688L..57X. doi:10.1086/595617.
  2. ^ Biermann, L. "Uber den Ursprung der Magnetfelder auf Sternen und im interstellaren Raum (mit einem Anhang von A. Schluter)". Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. 5: 65.
  3. ^ Khanna, Ramon (1998). "Generation of magnetic fields by a gravitomagnetic plasma battery". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 295: L6. arXiv:astro-ph/9803240. Bibcode:1998MNRAS.295L...6K. doi:10.1046/j.1365-8711.1998.29511447.x.