National Central Library (Florence)

The National Central Library of Florence (Italian: Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze, BNCF) is a public national library in Florence, the largest in Italy and one of the most important in Europe, one of the two central libraries of Italy, along with the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale of Rome.

National Central Library of Florence
Biblioteca Nazionale Firenze 2008.jpg
The Library from Piazza dei Cavalleggeri
CountryItaly
TypePublic, National library.
Established1714 (307 years ago) (1714)
LocationFlorence
Collection
Size6,000,000 books, 2,689,672 pamphlets, 1,000,000+ autographs, 120,000 magazines, 29,000 16th century editions, 25,000 manuscripts and 4,000 Incunabula.
Access and use
Access requirementsOpen to anyone
Other information
DirectorLuca Bellingeri
Websitehttp://www.bncf.firenze.sbn.it/
Map

HistoryEdit

The library was founded in 1714 when scholar Antonio Magliabechi bequeathed his entire collection of books, encompassing approximately 30,000 volumes, to the city of Florence. By 1743, it was required that a copy of every work published in Tuscany be submitted to the library. Originally known as the Magliabechiana, the library was opened to the public in 1747. Its holdings were combined with those of the Biblioteca Palatina Lorenese [it] in 1861, and by 1885, the library had been renamed as the National Central Library of Florence, or the BNCF. Since 1870, the library has collected copies of all Italian publications.

Since 1935, the collections have been housed in a building designed by Cesare Bazzani and V. Mazzei, located along the Arno River in the quarter of Santa Croce. Before this, they were found in various rooms belonging to the Uffizi Gallery.

The National Library System (SBN), located in the BNCF, is responsible for the automation of library services and the indexing of national holdings.

 
Manuscripts from the National Library being washed and dried in the boiler room of Firenze Santa Maria Novella railway station, after the November 1966 flood

Unfortunately, a major flood of the Arno River in 1966 damaged nearly one-third of the library's holdings, most notably its periodicals and Palatine and Magliabechi collections.[1]he Restoration Center was subsequently established and may be credited with saving many of these priceless artifacts. However, much work remains to be done and some items are forever lost.[2]

ThesaurusEdit

The library curates the BNCF Thesaurus (Nuovo soggettario), a "subject indexing tool for various types of resources".[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Barker, Nicolas (1969)."The Bibliotheca Nazionale at Florence." The Book Collector 18 no 1 (spring): 11-22.T
  2. ^ "History of the National Library of Italy-Florence". Archived from the original on 2007-02-11. Retrieved 2007-04-04.
  3. ^ "Thesaurus BNCF - the Datahub". DataHub.

BibliographyEdit

GalleryEdit

ExteriorsEdit

InteriorsEdit

ManuscriptsEdit

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 43°46′1.36″N 11°15′44.80″E / 43.7670444°N 11.2624444°E / 43.7670444; 11.2624444