Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma

The Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma (Rome National Central Library), in Rome, is one of two central national libraries of Italy, along with Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze in Florence. In total, 9 national libraries exist, out of 46 state libraries.[2]

Rome National Central Library
Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma
BNCR logo.jpg
Biblioteca nazionale centrale di Roma.jpg
The Library building
CountryItaly
TypePublic, National library.
Established1876 (146 years ago) (1876)
LocationVia Castro Pretorio 105, Rome[1]
Collection
Size7,000,000 books, 10,000 drawings, 20,000 maps, 25,000 16th century editions, 8,000 manuscripts, 2,000 Incunabula.
Access and use
Access requirementsOpen to anyone of 18 years or older
Other information
DirectorAndrea De Pasquale[1]
Websitewww.bncrm.librari.beniculturali.it
Map

The library's mission is to collect and preserve all the publications in Italy and the most important foreign works, especially those related to Italy,[3] and make them available to anyone.[4] The collection currently includes more than 7,000,000 printed volumes, 2,000 incunabula, 25,000 cinquecentine (16th century books), 8,000 manuscripts, 10,000 drawings, 20,000 maps, and 1,342,154 brochures.[5]

As of 1990, the catalog of the library has been online, containing information on all printed documents received to the library since that year as well as important collections obtained over time, all titles of periodical publications, and parts of monographic publications, among other notable archived items.

HistoryEdit

The predecessor of the present Biblioteca Nazionale was the Jesuit Bibliotheca Secreta, located at the Jesuit Collegio Romano, where members of the Society of Jesus had been accumulating in Papal Rome an enormous bibliographic and documentary wealth since their order's foundation in 1540 [1]. As indicated by its name - "Secret Library" - this material was at the time not accessible to the general public, not even to non-Jesuit Catholic clergy. With the Unification of Italy and the Capture of Rome in 1870, ending the Catholic Church's Temporal Power, this library was taken over by the new Kingdom of Italy and made into the core of the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma, inaugurated on 14 March 1876 - to which enormous additional material was subsequently added. In its early years the library remained housed at the original Jesuit premises. One century later the library moved to its present location.[4] The current building was designed by architects Massimo Castellazzi, Tullio Dell'Anese and Annibale Vitellozzi and opened in January 1975.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b "La biblioteca". Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma. Archived from the original on 2011-10-27. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
  2. ^ "Search state libraries named "Biblioteca nazionale"". MIBACT directorate for libraries. 2016-04-19. Archived from the original on 2016-12-20. Retrieved 2016-04-19.
  3. ^ DPR no. 417, 1995
  4. ^ a b "Presentazione - Biblioteca nazionale centrale di Roma". Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2019-06-08.
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-10-04. Retrieved 2011-09-17.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 41°54′24″N 12°30′29″E / 41.90676°N 12.50807°E / 41.90676; 12.50807