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Bharat Vishnu Ratra (born 26 January 1960) is an Indian-American physicist and theoretical cosmologist and astroparticle physicist who is currently a university distinguished professor of Physics at Kansas State University.[1]

Bharat Vishnu Ratra
Bharat Ratra.jpg
Born (1960-01-26) 26 January 1960 (age 59)
Alma materIndian Institute of Technology Delhi (MS)
Stanford University (PhD)
Known forQuintessence (physics)
Dark energy
Scientific career
FieldsTheoretical physics
Physical cosmology
Astroparticle physics
InstitutionsKansas State University
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
California Institute of Technology
Princeton University
Stanford University
Doctoral advisorLeonard Susskind
Michael Peskin

He is known for his work on dynamical dark energy and on the quantum-mechanical generation of energy density and magnetic field fluctuations during inflation.



Ratra was born in Bombay (Mumbai). He graduated with a Master of Science in physics from the Indian Institute of Technology Delhi in 1982 and completed his doctorate in physics at Stanford University in 1986 under the supervision of Leonard Susskind and Michael Peskin.

Ratra was a postdoctoral fellow at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Princeton University, the California Institute of Technology and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He joined Kansas State University in 1996 as an assistant professor of physics. He was promoted to associate professor in 2001 and professor in 2004.

Academics and researchEdit

Ratra has worked in a number of areas of cosmology and astroparticle and early universe physics.

In 1988, Ratra and Jim Peebles of Princeton University proposed the first dynamical dark energy scalar field, or quintessence, model. Dark energy is the leading candidate for the mechanism that is responsible for causing the observed accelerated cosmological expansion.

Ratra's early universe research includes the first consistent semi-classical computation of the spectrum of energy density perturbations from inflation. He collaborated with Willy Fischler of the University of Texas at Austin and Leonard Susskind of Stanford University on this computation.

Ratra also proposed the first inflation model that can generate, from quantum fluctuations, a large-enough primordial cosmological magnetic field to be able to explain observed galactic magnetic fields.




  1. ^ "Department of Physics".