Bhairav is an Indian classical raga of Bhairav thaat. It is a sampurna raga that is traditionally performed in the morning and also as the beginning piece in concerts. It is the defining raga of its own Thaat.
|Time of day||Daybreak; Beginning of concerts (Sunrise)|
|Arohana||Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni Sa'|
|Avarohana||Sa' Ni Dha Pa Ma Ga Re Sa|
|Pakad||Ga Ma Dha Dha Pa, Ga Ma Re Re Sa|
|Chalan||Sa Ga Ma Pa Dha Dha Pa Ma Ga Ma Re Sa|
According to Indian classical vocalist Pandit Jasraj, Bhairav is a "morning raga, and solemn peacefulness is its ideal mood." It is grave in mood and suggests seriousness, introversion and devotional attitude.
Bhairav raga is an ancient raga that is considered to be extremely old and originated many centuries ago. The origin of Bhairav raga is disputed. According to some musicians, Bhairav raga was the first raga that originated from the mouth of Lord Shiva. While some musicians argue that Bhairav raga originated from the mouth of Lord Surya. That's why it is sung in the daytime. Bhairava is one of the names of Shiva especially in his powerful form as a naked ascetic with matted locks and body smeared with ashes. The ragas too have some of these masculine and ascetic attributes in their form and compositions.
The Bhairav raga itself is extremely vast and allows a huge number of note combinations and a great range of emotional qualities from valor to peace. There are many variations based on it including (but not restricted to) Ahir Bhairav, Alam Bhairav, Anand Bhairav, Bairagi Bhairav, Mohini Bhairav Beehad Bhairav, Bhavmat Bhairav, Devata Bhairav, Gauri Bhairav, Hijaz Bhairav, Shivmat Bhairav, Nat Bhairav, Bibhas, Ramkali, Gunkali, Zeelaf, Jogiya (raga), Saurashtra Bhairav, Bangal Bhairav, Komal Bhairav, Mangal Bhairav, Kaushi Bhairav, Bhatiyari Bhairav, Virat Bhairav, Kabiri Bhairav, Prabhat Bhairav, Roopkali, Bakula Bhairav, Hussaini Bhairav, Kalingda, Devaranjani, Asa Bhairav, Jaun Bhairav, and Bhairav.
Bhairav is grave in mood and suggests seriousness, introversion as well as devotional attitude. It shares its notes with Ahir Bhairav which has a sombre temperament.
Arohana : Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni Sa'/Sa Ga Ma Dha Ni Sa'
Avarohana : Sa' Ni Dha Pa Ma Ga Re Sa
Vadi : Dha
Samavadi : Re
Pakad : Ga Ma Dha Dha Pa, Ga Ma Re Re Sa
Chalan : Sa Ga Ma Pa Dha Dha Pa Ma Ga Ma Re Sa
Organisation and relationshipsEdit
The performance for this raga is solemnly serious. The raga comes across as a musical entity with mood of meditation, philosophical depth, and emotional richness.
Bhairav is an early morning (pratham prahar) raag.
Bhairav is one of few ragas that can be sung in any season.
Bhairav is typically performed with a peaceful, serious, and serene mood.
Bhairav is a popular raga for film songs. Here are some film songs based on Bhairav:
- "Amma Roti De Baba Roti De" – Sansar, 1952
- "Hanse Tim Tim" – Sansar, 1952
- "Mohe Bhul Gaye Sanvariya" – Baiju Bawra, 1952
- "Jaago, Mohan Pyare Jaago" – Jagte Raho, 1956
- "Man Re Hari Ke Gun Ga" – Musafir, 1957
- "Meri Veena Tum Bin Roye" – Dekh Kabira Roya, 1957
- "Kehe Do Koi Na Kare Yahan Pyaar" – Goonj Uthi Shehnai, 1959
- Waqt Karta Jo Wafa" – Dil Ne Pukara, 1967
- "Raag Bhairav - Hindustani Classical Music - Tanarang.com". www.tanarang.com.
- Bor & Rao 1999.
- "Indian classical music: Different kinds of ragas". The Times of India. Times Group. 29 September 2016. Retrieved 10 May 2021.
- "Bhairav – The Primordial Sound". Rajan Parrikar Music Archive. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
- Bor, Joep; Rao, Suvarnalata (1999). The Raga Guide: A Survey of 74 Hindustani Ragas. Nimbus Records with Rotterdam Conservatory of Music. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-9543976-0-9.
- Bhairav Rāga (Hin), The Oxford Encyclopaedia of the Music of India. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-565098-3. Retrieved 11 October 2018.