Better Jacksonville Plan
The Better Jacksonville Plan is a growth management plan implemented by the city of Jacksonville, Florida. It was the signature project of Mayor John Delaney. It was approved by Jacksonville voters on September 5, 2000. Lex Hester was a key advisor to Delaney on the $2.25 billion package of projects, pushing for the inclusion of a new downtown library, then serving on the team of top administrators charged with making the far-reaching plan work. The BJP was codified as Section 761  of Jacksonville's Code of Ordinances and administered by the City of Jacksonville, the JEA, and the Jacksonville Transportation Authority, in cooperation with the Florida Department of Transportation. A Sunset provision will terminate the half-penny sales tax used as part of funding the program, to be completed around 2010, no later than 2030.
The Better Jacksonville Plan financed $105 million to resurface streets in Jacksonville that had not been paved since 1985. The Department of Public Works paved nearly 1,800 miles of streets before it ended in September, 2007. The plan also financed $20 million to fund construction of new neighborhood sidewalks.
These include widening, adding curbs and stormwater drainage infrastructure.
Railroad grade crossingsEdit
- New Kings Road (US 1) - South of 45th Street
A six-lane vehicular overpass will be constructed to replace the existing ground-level railroad crossing. This will help alleviate traffic delays caused at this crossing by passing trains.
- Franklin Street - North of 17th Street
A pedestrian overpass has been constructed to bridge three sets of railroad tracks at this location, providing residents safe passage over this busy crossing.
- 7th Street - Between Harrison and Milnor Streets
A pedestrian overpass has been constructed to span the existing single-track railroad crossing, presenting walkers and runners with a continuous route over the track.
Rapid transit right of wayEdit
- Environmental Clean-up of Ash Sites - $25 million
- Neighborhood Park Improvements - $15 million
- Preservation Project Jacksonville - $50 million The Preservation Project was a series of land grants for parks. In 2003, The Nature Conservancy awarded Mayor Delaney the President's Conservation Achievement Award for his work on the Preservation Project.
- Septic Tank Remediation - $75 million
Targeted economic developmentEdit
New or improved public facilitiesEdit
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The project cost estimates, on which the program was based, were made in the late 1990s, when the price of building materials was relatively stable. Total costs were initially estimated at $190 million.
In 2003 Mayor John Delaney left office, and was succeeded by John Peyton. Construction had been authorized to commence at the original $190 million amount, but concerns over rising costs caused Peyton to stop work on the courthouse complex on October 28, 2004. At the same time, the mayor's office confirmed a $759 million shortage in Better Jacksonville Plan funding. The office cited rising construction costs as part of the reason for the budget deficit. Afterward all work on the complex ceased for several years. In 2008, the Jacksonville City Council approved work on the facility for a contractor guaranteed cost of $350 million.
Construction actually began in May 2009, with more than 400 workers engaged for over a year. As of June 27, 2010, construction was 37% completed, with the final pour of the concrete roof above the seventh floor. The completion date was established at May 2012, nearly a year later than Mayor Peyton hoped, but the project was within budget. 
The City's website stated on February 18, 2011 that interior construction of major systems was on schedule and 55% of the total project was complete, with the exterior work nearly finished. The courthouse opened on June 18, 2012.
As of late 2014, sales tax revenue was $14 million below what had been projected under plan assumptions, mostly due to the Great Recession. To pay for expenditures, the city borrowed money from other city funds, to be repaid as tax collections rose. Renovation of the old federal courthouse, replaced by the Bryan Simpson United States Courthouse, was expected to begin during 2015 at a cost of $7 million. A special committee was created by the city council to determine the remaining work on the BJP, obligations to other funds, and to project a realistic completion date. Their report was delayed until early 2015 to allow time to evaluate the condition of city bond funds.
- City of Jacksonville website: Code of Ordinances-CHAPTER 761 - THE BETTER JACKSONVILLE PLAN
- Better Jacksonville Plan website
- "Jacksonville Transportation Authority website: Butler Blvd./US-1 & Butler Blvd./I-95 Intersections". Archived from the original on 2008-05-13. Retrieved 2008-04-23.
- "Jacksonville Transportation Authority website: University/Beach Intersection". Archived from the original on 2008-05-13. Retrieved 2008-04-23.
- Jacksonville Transportation Authority website: Salt Marsh (Fanning Island and FIND) Mitigation Sites[permanent dead link]
- Jacksonville Transportation Authority website: Beaver Street (Devoe to Edgewood)[permanent dead link]
- "Jacksonville Transportation Authority website: Atlantic Boulevard (Girvin/Hodges/San Pablo)". Archived from the original on 2006-02-12. Retrieved 2008-04-23.
- "Jacksonville Transportation Authority website: Atlantic/Kernan Intersection". Archived from the original on 2008-07-25. Retrieved 2008-04-23.
- "Jacksonville Transportation Authority website: Atlantic/Southside Intersection". Archived from the original on 2006-02-12. Retrieved 2008-04-23.
- "City of Jacksonville website: Preservation Project Jacksonville". Archived from the original on 2008-12-01. Retrieved 2008-03-01.
- "JEA website: Dec 29, 2006-New Septic Tank Phase Out Project in Mandarin Soon to be Underway". Archived from the original on May 9, 2008. Retrieved April 23, 2008.
- Luce, Ann: "KBJ Architects seeks to clear the air about courthouse project" Jacksonville Business Journal, November 12, 2004
- Ross, Melissa: "Better Jacksonville Plan in a $759 Million Hole"[permanent dead link] First Coast News, April 13, 2005
- Cormanik, Beth: "Courthouse project approved" Florida Times-Union, April 23, 2008
- Galnor, Matt: "Duval County Courthouse rising after years of struggles" Florida Times-Union, June 27, 2010
- "STATUS (current February 18, 2011)" City of Jacksonville website, Better Jacksonville Plan
- "Duval County Courthouse". December 3, 2012. City of Jacksonville. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
- Bauerlein, David (November 9, 2014). "Council committee examines Better Jacksonville Plan's multimillion dollar sales tax shortfall". Morris Communications. Florida Times-Union. Archived from the original on 10 November 2014. Retrieved 10 November 2014.