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Bernard Julia at Harvard University

Bernard Julia (born 1952 in Paris) is a French theoretical physicist who has made contributions to the theory of supergravity.[1][2] He graduated from Université Paris-Sud in 1978, and is directeur de recherche with the CNRS working at the École Normale Supérieure. In 1978, together with Eugène Cremmer and Joël Scherk, he constructed 11-dimensional supergravity.[3] Shortly afterwards, Cremmer and Julia constructed the classical Lagrangian for four-dimensional N=8 supergravity by dimensional reduction from the 11-dimensional theory.[4][5] Julia also studied spontaneous symmetry breaking and the Higgs mechanism in supergravity[6][7]

Other work includes a study, with A. Zee, of particles called dyons that carry both electric and magnetic charges[8] and many papers on string theory, M-theory, and dualities.

In 1986, Julia was awarded the Prix Paul Langevin of the Société Française de Physique.[9]


  1. ^ Slansky, Richard C. (1988), "Toward a Unified Theory: An Essay on the Role of Supergravity in the search for Unification", in Cooper, Necia Grant; West, Geoffrey B., Particle Physics: A Los Alamos Primer, Cambridge University Press, pp. 72–86 
  2. ^ Duff, Michael J. (February 1998). "The Theory Formerly Known as Strings". Scientific American: 64–69. 
  3. ^ Cremmer, E.; Julia, B.; Scherk, J. (1978). "Supergravity Theory in 11 Dimensions". Phys. Lett. B. 76: 409–412. Bibcode:1978PhLB...76..409C. doi:10.1016/0370-2693(78)90894-8. 
  4. ^ Cremmer, E.; Julia, B. (1978). "The N=8 supergravity theory. 1. The Lagrangian". Phys. Lett. B. 80: 48–51. Bibcode:1978PhLB...80...48C. doi:10.1016/0370-2693(78)90303-9. 
  5. ^ Cremmer, E.; Julia, B. (1979). "The SO(8) supergravity". Nucl. Phys. B. 159: 141–212. Bibcode:1979NuPhB.159..141C. doi:10.1016/0550-3213(79)90331-6. 
  6. ^ Cremmer, E.; Julia, B.; Scherk, J.; van Nieuwenhuizen, P.; Ferrara, S.; Girardello, L. (1978). "Super-higgs effect in supergravity with general scalar interactions". Phys. Lett. B. 79: 231–234. Bibcode:1978PhLB...79..231C. doi:10.1016/0370-2693(78)90230-7. 
  7. ^ Cremmer, E.; Julia, B.; Scherk, J.; Ferrara, S.; Girardello, L.; van Nieuwenhuizen, P. (1979). "Spontaneous symmetry breaking and Higgs effect in supergravity without cosmological constant". Nucl. Phys. B. 147: 105–131. Bibcode:1979NuPhB.147..105C. doi:10.1016/0550-3213(79)90417-6. 
  8. ^ Julia, B.; Zee, A. (1975). "Poles with both magnetic and electric charges in non-Abelian gauge theory". Phys. Rev. D. 11: 2227–2232. Bibcode:1975PhRvD..11.2227J. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.11.2227. 
  9. ^ "Liste exhaustive de tous les récipiendaires de prix SFP". Société française de physique. Retrieved 18 January 2011. 

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