A bergerette, or shepherdess' air, is a form of early rustic French song.

The bergerette, developed by Burgundian composers, is a virelai with only one stanza.[1][2][3] It is one of the "fixed forms" of early French song and related to the rondeau.[4] Examples include Josquin's Bergerette savoyene included in Petrucci's Odhecaton (1501).[5]


  1. ^ Henri Louis Chatelain Recherches sur le vers français au XVe siècle: rimes, mètres et ... 1908 p197 "Le virelai n'est plus alors que la bergerette, c'est-à-dire un rondeau, dont le deuxième élément est sur d'autres ... Charles d'Orléans a laissé une pièce qui réunit les caractères du rondeau et de la bergerette"
  2. ^ The Chansonnier El Escorial IV.a.24 Real Biblioteca, Martha K. Hanen - 1983 "The Virelai Texts - A virelai text which has but a single stanza is properly termed a bergerette. All the virelais in Escorial IV.a.24 have single-stanza or bergerette texts. Since the music for a virelai is exactly the same as that for a ..."
  3. ^ Music Literature Outline 1: Outline 1, Middle Ages and Renaissance p96 Harold Gleason, Warren Becker, Catherine C. Gleason - 1988 "Chanson is a generic term and includes the formes fixes: rondeau, virelai, ballade and bergerette. ... The bergerette, developed by Burgundian composers, is similar to the virelai but with only one stanza.
  4. ^ Journal of the American Musicological Society, Vol.41, American Musicological Society - 1988 "... untexted pieces in Q 18 can be placed, with a certain degree of overlap, in various categories. A number are based on vocal models, relying loosely on the structure of the formes fixes, particularly the rondeau or bergerette."
  5. ^ Harmonice musices odhecaton A printer Ottaviano Petrucci, ed Helen Hewitt, Isabel Pope - 1978 "The Odhecaton and Brux 1 show complete bergerette music, ie, musical sections, a and p. Brux 1 also gives words of ... There seems little reason to doubt that the original form of the composition was the 'long' form, or, bergerette."