It was considered a clumsy rustic dance (cf. Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night's Dream, Act V Scene i Lines 341 and 349) copied from the natives of Bergamo, reputed, according to the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, to be very awkward in their manners.
The basic chord progression is I–IV–V–I:
- (1916). The Musical Times, Volume 57, p.491.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bergamask". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 772.
- Apel, Willi (1969). Harvard Dictionary of Music, p.91. ISBN 978-0-674-37501-7.
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