Benjamin Franklin Buchanan

Benjamin Franklin Buchanan (October 4, 1857 – February 21, 1932) was an American lawyer and politician who served as the 21st Lieutenant Governor of Virginia from 1918 to 1922.

Benjamin Franklin Buchanan
Benjamin F Buchanan 1920 square.jpg
Member of the Virginia Senate
from the 15th district
In office
January 9, 1924 – February 21, 1932
Preceded byJohn J. Miller
Succeeded byBurt L. Dickinson
21st Lieutenant Governor of Virginia
In office
February 1, 1918 – February 1, 1922
GovernorWestmoreland Davis
Preceded byJames Taylor Ellyson
Succeeded byJunius Edgar West
Member of the Virginia Senate
from the 1st district
In office
January 14, 1914 – January 12, 1916
Preceded byDavid C. Cummings, Jr.
Succeeded byJohn P. Buchanan
In office
December 6, 1893 – December 1, 1897
Preceded byE. L. Roberts
Succeeded byCharles W. Steele
Personal details
Benjamin Franklin Buchanan

October 4, 1857
Smyth County, Virginia, U.S.
DiedFebruary 21, 1932(1932-02-21) (aged 74)
Richmond, Virginia, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Eleanor Fairman Sheffey
Alma materUniversity of Virginia

Early life and educationEdit

Buchanan was born October 4, 1857, in Smyth County, Virginia, and graduated from the University of Virginia in 1880. He also received an LL.B. from the University of Virginia in 1884.


Buchanan practiced law in Marion and Abingdon. He also served as general counsel to the office of the United States comptroller of the currency from 1915 to 1921. He served several terms in the Senate of Virginia representing Smyth and Washington Counties, where he became one of the General Assembly's foremost authorities on taxation.

In 1917 Buchanan, a Democrat, won election as lieutenant governor of Virginia. He served from February 1, 1918 to February 1, 1922.

Death and legacyEdit

Buchanan died of a heart attack on February 21, 1932 in Richmond, where he was attending a session of the General Assembly. He was buried in Round Hill Cemetery in Marion. In 1934 the General Assembly designated the road that became state highway 16 in Smyth County the B. F. Buchanan Highway.

Personal lifeEdit

On March 2, 1887 Buchanan married Eleanor Fairman Sheffey. They had four sons and three daughters, including John Preston Buchanan, who succeeded Buchanan in the Senate.


External linksEdit

  • "Benjamin Franklin Buchanan". Find a Grave. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
Senate of Virginia
Preceded by
E. L. Roberts
Virginia Senator for
Washington and Smyth

Succeeded by
Charles W. Steele
Preceded by
David C. Cummings, Jr.
Virginia Senator for the 1st District
Succeeded by
John P. Buchanan
Political offices
Preceded by
James Taylor Ellyson
Lieutenant Governor of Virginia
Succeeded by
Junius Edgar West