Benjamin Radford

  (Redirected from Ben Radford)

Benjamin Radford (born October 2, 1970) is an American writer, investigator, and skeptic. He has authored, coauthored or contributed to over twenty books and written over a thousand articles and columns on a wide variety of topics including urban legends, unexplained mysteries, the paranormal, critical thinking, mass hysteria, and media literacy. His book, Mysterious New Mexico: Miracles, Magic, and Monsters in the Land of Enchantment, was published in the summer of 2014 and is a scientific investigation of famous legends and folklore in the state of New Mexico. In 2016 Radford published Bad Clowns, a 2017 IPPY bronze award winner,[1] and he is regarded as an expert on the bad clowns phenomenon.[2]

Benjamin Radford
Ben Radford.jpg
Ben Radford lectures at CFI West on Paranormal Investigations, June 18, 2011
Born (1970-10-02) October 2, 1970 (age 50)
EducationMaster's in Education
Bachelor's in Psychology
Alma materUniversity at Buffalo, New York
University of New Mexico
OccupationWriter, investigator, podcaster, research fellow
Known forMedia and science literacy educator, scientific paranormal investigation, MonsterTalk podcast, Squaring the Strange podcast
Websitehttp://www.BenjaminRadford.com/
Signature
Ben Radford Signature.jpg

Radford has appeared on Good Morning America, CNN, The History Channel, the National Geographic Channel, the Learning Channel, CBC, BBC, ABC News, The New York Times, and many other outlets.

Radford characterizes himself as one of the world's few science-based paranormal investigators, and has done first-hand research into psychics, ghosts,[3] exorcisms, miracles, Bigfoot, stigmata, lake monsters, UFO sightings, reincarnation, crop circles, and other topics. "I'm open-minded. I never said I don't believe ghosts exist. But I can say I've looked at the research that's been done, and I've done personal investigations. In each particular case there either is or isn't good, compelling evidence, and so far I haven't seen it."[4]

He regularly speaks at universities and conferences across the country about his research, and about science and skepticism.[5] Radford's books and investigations have been incorporated into several college and university courses on critical thinking, including at Western Washington University and the University of New Mexico.[6]

Radford is also a contributor to the website Snopes.com, where he has researched and written articles debunking fakelore and a variety of popular myths including The Amityville Horror,[7] and the claim that humans only use 10% of their brains.[8]

Early lifeEdit

Radford became interested in "the mysterious and the unexplained" as a child from reading books about, "monsters and dragons, the Bermuda Triangle, psychics in Russia that could move automobiles with their mind", etc. He also became interested through television shows such as That's Incredible and Ripley's Believe It or Not. He grew disenchanted with the lack of scientific rigor in the books and television shows because there seemed to be little or no investigation or proper references.[9]

Radford's first encounter with formal skepticism came as a result of a fruitless search for beer in a "dry" county in Utah. Winning a regional essay contest while at the University of New Mexico, he was flown to present his paper at a college town in Utah. He and his colleagues came across a tiny used bookstore where he acquired an old issue of Skeptical Inquirer featuring an article on the prophesies of Nostradamus penned by none other than James Randi. He relates that this was the first article he'd read criticizing Nostradamus and offered "skeptical, logical, and reasonable explanations for the prophecies apparent accuracy".[10]

Education and careerEdit

EducationEdit

Radford holds a bachelor's degree in psychology (graduating magna cum laude) with a minor in professional writing from the University of New Mexico where he was inducted into the Phi Beta Kappa honor society in 1993. He also has a master's degree in Education from the University at Buffalo, New York where his focus was on Science and the Public, and his masters thesis was titled Misinformation in Eating Disorder Communications: Implications for Science Communication Policy.[11] Radford stated that he chose this topic because it "involved several of my longstanding interests such as myths and misinformation ... eating disorders (a subject I first became involved with when helping an ex-girlfriend struggle with bulimia); and the news media".[12]

JournalismEdit

Radford served as managing editor of the science magazine Skeptical Inquirer from 1997 until early 2011, when he was promoted to deputy editor. He is also a regular columnist at the magazine.[13] Until it suspended publication in 2009, he was editor-in-chief of the Spanish-language magazine Pensar, published in Buenos Aires, Argentina.[14] Radford is also a regular columnist for Discovery News, LiveScience.com, and the Skeptical Briefs newsletter.[citation needed]

Radford is a co-founder and former co-host of MonsterTalk, a podcast, which critically examines the science and folklore behind cryptozoological (and legendary) creatures such as Bigfoot, the Loch Ness Monster and werewolves.[15] MonsterTalk won the 2012 Parsec podcast award for the “Best Fact Behind the Fiction” category.[16]

Radford is a Research Fellow with the non-profit educational organization Committee for Skeptical Inquiry,[17] and presented at the American Folklore Society's 2011 annual conference on Folklore of the Chupacabra.[18]

Radford's writings also focus on topics related to women and minorities, particularly in South America and Africa. Through his books, articles, blogs, and podcasts he has raised awareness of many social problems that disproportionately affect women, including modern witchcraft in India, Nepal, and Pakistan;[19] the Chibok schoolgirls kidnapping in 2014;[20] acid attack victims in Pakistan;[21] and sex trafficking.[22]

Scientific paranormal investigatorEdit

Described as a "professional skeptic", Radford works at the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry investigating all manner of unusual claims and events. His work includes investigation, reporting, journalism, science literacy education, and public speaking.[23]

Radford explains his approach by saying "I am not paid to doubt things; I am paid to promote science and investigate unusual claims. Our approach is empirical, evidence- and science-based. Science has proven itself incredibly successful in explaining and finding out about the world. If we wish to know why a certain disease strikes one person and not another, we turn to medicine instead of a witch doctor. If we wish to know how to build a bridge that can span a river, we turn to physics instead of psychics. Paranormal or “unexplained” topics are testable by science: either a psychic's prediction comes true or it doesn't; either ghosts exist in the real world or they don't. My job is not to doubt, nor debunk; it is to investigate. I have no vested interest in proving or disproving any unexplained phenomena; I get paid the same either way. But the cardinal rule is that an investigator must eliminate all the natural explanations before accepting supernatural ones, and must use sound science."[10]

When asked "Have you ever been stumped by a mysterious claim?" Radford responded, "No". He responded more fully that there are times with some claims there isn't enough information or the information given to him wasn't correct. Radford compares these investigations to a crime scene investigating where there exists "a positive correlation between the quality of the available evidence and solving the mystery". Radford states he has a "high bar for what I am willing to concede is 'unexplained' or truly mysterious".[24]

Paranormal researcher Brian D. Parsons in a review for Investigating Ghosts, praised the book, stating, "Radford is not saying ghosts do not exist. He's merely explaining and demonstrating that ghost researchers have been going about things wrong for a very long time".[25]

AwardsEdit

As of 2019 Radford has been a finalist or winner of six book awards. His book Scientific Paranormal Investigation was a finalist for the 2012 New Mexico-Arizona Book Awards;[26] his book Tracking the Chupacabra was a finalist for the 2011 New Mexico Book Award[27] and the 2011 Foreword Reviews Book of the Year award.[28] His book Bad Clowns won the Bronze at the 2017 Independent Publisher Book Awards,[29] and in November 2018 Radford's book Investigating Ghosts: The Scientific Search for Spirits won the New Mexico-Arizona Book Awards in the science category.[30]

Squaring the StrangeEdit

In April 2017 Radford and Pascual Romero launched the Squaring the Strange podcast with evidence-based analysis and commentary on a variety of topics ranging from the paranormal to the political.[31] Frequent contributor and content producer Celestia Ward was later added as a cohost.[32][33] The podcast features discussions on a wide variety of subjects including psychology, myths, hoaxes, folklore, and science.[34] It has featured Radford's detailed analysis of the Blue Whale Challenge scare and his passionate criticism of the History Channel's Amelia Earhart documentary and its discredited photographic evidence.[35]

InvestigationsEdit

Radford has conducted numerous investigations into "unexplained" phenomena. These are some of his best-known cases:

Pokémon panic (1997)Edit

In 2001, Radford investigated the mysterious 1997 incident in which thousands of Japanese children seemingly suffered seizures while watching "Dennō Senshi Porygon", an episode of the Pokémon anime. Though many doctors advanced theories including photosensitive epilepsy, Radford proffered evidence that the incident was rooted in mass hysteria. The resulting article, co-authored by Robert Bartholomew, was published in the February 2001 Southern Medical Journal.

"We studied a reported illness outbreak occurring on December 16, 1997, involving more than 12,000 Japanese children who had various signs and symptoms of illness after watching an episode of a popular animated cartoon, Pokémon. While photosensitive epilepsy was diagnosed in a minuscule fraction of those affected, this explanation cannot account for the breadth and pattern of the events. The characteristic features of the episode are consistent with the diagnosis of epidemic hysteria, triggered by sudden anxiety after dramatic mass media reports describing a relatively small number of genuine photosensitive-epilepsy seizures. The importance of the mass media in precipitating outbreaks of mass psychogenic illness is discussed."[36]

 
Ben Radford lectures at CFI West on Paranormal Investigations, June 18, 2011.

Santa Fe courthouse ghost (2007)Edit

In 2007, Radford solved the mystery of the "Santa Fe Courthouse Ghost", a mysterious, glowing, white blob that was captured on videotape June 15, by a security camera at a courthouse in Santa Fe, New Mexico. While the court personnel who first saw the baffling image didn't know what to make of it, others soon offered their own explanations, and a ghost was among the most popular.

Radford did several days of on-site field investigations at the courthouse, and after several experiments duplicated the "ghost" effect by placing insects on the video camera that recorded the original event.[37][38]

The "ghost video" became a nationwide hit and has been viewed over 85,000 times on the YouTube web site.[39]

The Los Angeles UFO / mystery missile (2010)Edit

In November 2010, a UFO was sighted and recorded in the sky over Los Angeles by a news helicopter cameraman.[40]

In a column for Discovery News, Radford was one of the first journalists to critically analyze the video and correctly identify the UFO or “mystery missile” as an airplane contrail.[41]

The White Witch of Rose Hall (2007)Edit

In Fortean Times magazine and his book Scientific Paranormal Investigation, Radford published his re-creations of the "ghost photos" taken at Rose Hall, a mansion near Montego Bay in Jamaica, showing that alleged paranormal phenomena caught on film at that location were camera artifacts and reflected flashes, not ghosts.[42][43]

 
Ben Radford with James Randi in a panel discussion at The Amaz!ng Meeting 2012

Kansas City gym ghost video (2008)Edit

Radford investigated and solved the mystery of an alleged "ghost video" taken at Anytime Fitness, an all-night fitness club in Overland Park, Kansas in 2008. Surveillance cameras caught the glowing, fuzzy light in a workout area, wandering over the weight benches and fitness machines. The video was circulated on YouTube, generating more than 100,000 views.[44]

Radford concluded the actual culprit to be merely an insect on the camera lens. His conclusions were based on the several facts: 1) the image only showed up on one of several cameras covering the area, 2) the fuzzy and out-of-focus image indicated that the object was closer rather than farther to the security camera which is designed to focus at longer distances, 3) the image appears to reflecting rather than emitting light, and 4) the image appeared to go over objects in the room rather than going around them.[45][46]

The "Champ" photo (1977)Edit

After investigating claims of a monster in Lake Champlain that has been nicknamed "Champ", Radford, along with Joe Nickell concluded that the object in the famous photo was almost certainly a floating log or tree-trunk. The photo, taken by Sandra Mansi in 1977, sparked investigations and national interest into the creature allegedly living in Lake Champlain. John Kirk, in his book In the Domain of the Lake Monsters, writes that "The monster of Lake Champlain... has the distinction of being the only lake monster of whom there is a reasonably clear photograph. It... is extremely good evidence of an unidentified lake-dwelling animal".[47] Joe Zarzynski, author of Champ: Beyond the Legend (1984), calls the photo "the best single piece of evidence on Champ."

The results of the Champ and Mansi photo investigation were published in the book Lake Monster Mysteries, as well as in Skeptical Inquirer magazine and Fortean Times magazine. Radford and Nickell re-enacted their experiments and investigation for the Discovery Channel in 1995.[48][49]

Chupacabra (2010)Edit

Radford spent five years investigating the mysterious monster el chupacabra, and came to the conclusion that the monster sightings were inspired by the 1995 film Species, and were aided and abetted by faulty eyewitness accounts, lack of forensic knowledge, and mass hysteria. His account of the investigation is detailed in his 2011 book Tracking the Chupacabra: The Vampire Beast in Fact, Fiction, and Folklore. The investigation included eyewitness interviews, forensic and folkloric research, and "a field expedition to the jungles of Nicaragua" in search of the legendary monster.[50][51]

Similar media-inspired monster sightings have been offered to explain for Loch Ness Monster (inspired by scenes depicting a Plesiosaur-like monster in the 1933 King Kong movie)[52] and of the fictional bogey-man Slender Man reported on the talk-radio show Coast to Coast.[53]

Tracking the Chupacabra was a Finalist for two books awards including Book of the Year.[54] According to Outside Magazine, Radford came to the conclusion that the chupacabra "was nothing but a cinematic fever dream."[55]

Dyatlov Pass Deaths (2014)Edit

The 2014 Discovery Channel special Russian Yeti: The Killer Lives explored claims that the Dyatlov group was killed by an enraged Russian yeti. Radford wrote an in-depth review of the show for the Doubtful News website on June 1. He noted that "Russian Yeti: The Killer Lives begins with the premise that the injuries sustained by the skiers were so grave and extraordinary that could only have been inflicted by an inhumanly strong creature." Radford pointed out that the evidence believers in the idea point to is present in many other types of pseudoscientific claims, such as the chupacabra and cattle mutilations, and can be accounted for by the predation of convention animals, or in the case of the Dyatlov group, by avalanche.[56][57] Radford points out that producers of the program, and host Mike Libecki, despite encountering such a creature, never mentioned anything else about that being, and never mentioned it in their journals.[56]

FilmsEdit

 
Clicker Clatter poster

In addition to his scientific skepticism work, Radford has written and directed several animated short films. In Sirens (2009), "A young boy in a small-town library avoids his math homework and is instead drawn into the world of the mythological Sirens, beautiful women who lured sailors to their doom."[58]

Both films screened at film festivals around the world, and Clicker Clatter won the “Best Traditional Animation” award at the 2007 California International Animation Festival. Clicker Clatter has an online distributor and can be seen at SnagFilms.com.[59]

Board gamesEdit

Playing GodsEdit

In 2008 Radford released Playing Gods: The Board Game of Divine Domination, a satirical board game he created based on theme of gods warring over the control of believers. The game is described as a "theological version of Risk" and contains figures based on Jesus, Moses, Buddha and many other religions including satirical religions like the Flying Spaghetti Monster and J. R. Bob Dobbs. The game made its world premiere at the New York Toy Fair in March 2009 and debuted at Dragon*Con in Atlanta, Georgia.[60] Playing Gods is produced through Radford's company, Balls Out Entertainment.[60][61]

Australia's Synergy Magazine reported Playing Gods has "some of the nicest pawns I have ever seen in a board game... has great game play and comes with a smart, cynical and satirical tone. Playing Gods is blasphemy with style and offers a great board game with a good dose of insight and a great load of fun!”.[62] Other players have praised the game as "one of the coolest and most important things to happen to parlor games",[63] and "awesome, and damned funny.. it's Candyland for people who want the express train to hell".[64] Carl Raschke, professor of religious studies at University of Denver, criticized Radford's board game telling USA Today that the game "sounds too stupid to go far".[65]

Undead ApocalypseEdit

In 2013, Radford released plans for a followup to the Playing Gods board game, entitled Undead Apocalypse: War of the Damned.[66][67] It would have integrated genuine lore concerning werewolves, vampires and zombies into the board game.[68] A Kickstarter campaign to fund the game was launched in June 2013, but was cancelled when it became clear it would not fully fund.[69]

Selected bibliographyEdit

  • Bartholomew, Robert; Radford, Benjamin (2003), Hoaxes, Myths, and Manias: Why We Need Critical Thinking, Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, p. 229, ISBN 978-1591020486
  • Radford, Benjamin (2003), Media Mythmakers : How Journalists, Activists, and Advertisers Mislead Us, Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, p. 324, ISBN 978-1591020721
  • Radford, Benjamin; Nickell, Joe (2006), Lake Monster Mysteries : Investigating the World's Most Elusive Creatures, Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, p. 208, ISBN 978-0813123943
  • Radford, Benjamin (2010), Scientific Paranormal Investigation: How to Solve Unexplained Mysteries, Rhombus Publishing Company, p. 312, ISBN 978-0936455112
  • Radford, Benjamin (2011), Tracking the Chupacabra: The Vampire Beast in Fact, Fiction, and Folklore, University of New Mexico Press, p. 288, ISBN 978-0826350152
  • Bartholomew, Robert; Radford, Benjamin (2011), The Martians Have Landed! A History of Media-Driven Panics and Hoaxes, McFarland and Co., p. 254, ISBN 978-0786464982
  • Radford, Benjamin (2014), Mysterious New Mexico: Miracles, Magic, and Monsters in the Land of Enchantment, University of New Mexico Press, p. 304, ISBN 978-0826354501
  • Radford, Benjamin (2016), Bad Clowns, University of New Mexico Press, p. 188, ISBN 978-0-8263-5666-6
  • Radford, Benjamin (2017), Investigating Ghosts: The Scientific Search for Spirits, Rhombus Publishing Company, pp. 396 (Kindle edition), ASIN B0788YCFHP
  • Radford, Benjamin (2020), Big-If True: Adventures in Oddity (Paranormal), Rhombus Publishing Company, p. 280, ISBN 0936455179

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2017 Independent Publisher Book Awards National Medalists". Independent Publisher. Archived from the original on 19 June 2017. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
  2. ^ Shone, Colton. "Recent scary clown trend nothing new, expert said". KOB 4. Archived from the original on 2016-10-18. Retrieved 2016-10-20.
  3. ^ Radford, Benjamin (January 29, 2004), Investigating a Haunted House – Amherst, New York, GhostVillage.com, archived from the original on August 10, 2009, retrieved March 26, 2009
  4. ^ Nott, Robert (October 31, 2014). "Things that go bump in the night". Santa Fe New Mexican.
  5. ^ Gerbic, Susan (3 Feb 2017). "Local Skeptical Outreach & Activism: Monterey County Skepticamp". Archived from the original on 16 September 2017.
  6. ^ Radford, Benjamin (2010). Scientific Paranormal Investigation. Rhombus Publishing. p. 192.
  7. ^ Radford, Benjamin (April 15, 2005), The Amityville Horror, Snopes.com, retrieved February 16, 2014
  8. ^ Radford, Benjamin (July 21, 2007), The Ten Percent Myth, Snopes.com, retrieved February 16, 2014
  9. ^ "Meet the Skeptics!: Meet Ben Radford". Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
  10. ^ a b Radford, Benjamin (2010). Scientific Paranormal Investigation. Rhombus Publishing. pp. 42–51.
  11. ^ Radford, Benjamin (2013). "Misinformation in eating disorder communications: Implications for science communication policy". University of Buffalo. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  12. ^ Radford, Ben (2018). "Medical Misinformation in the Media: Is Anorexia on the Rise?". Skeptical Inquirer. Center for Inquiry. 42 (1): 46–49.
  13. ^ "A Glimpse Backward". Skeptical Inquirer. Vol. 40 no. 6. Center for Inquiry. November–December 2016. Archived from the original on 2017-03-06. Retrieved 2017-03-07.
  14. ^ "Pensar - Quiénes Somos". www.pensar.org. Archived from the original on 2016-10-09. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
  15. ^ "Monster Talk". Skeptic Magazine. 2008-10-28. Archived from the original on 2011-06-05. Retrieved 2011-07-22.
  16. ^ "2012 Parsec Awards Winners & Finalists". Parsec Awards. Archived from the original on 2012-09-08. Retrieved 2012-09-05.
  17. ^ "CSI Fellows and Staff - CSI". www.csicop.org. Archived from the original on 2017-01-31. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
  18. ^ "American Folklore Society 2011 Annual Meeting" (PDF). www.afsnet.org. American Folklore Society. p. 22. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-07-05. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
  19. ^ Radford, Benjamin (2014-07-31). "Indian Woman Beaten to Death for 'Witchcraft'". Live Science. Archived from the original on 2014-08-03. Retrieved 2017-09-26.
  20. ^ Radford, Ben (2014-09-17). "Bring Back Our Girls? Boko Haram and the Forgotten Captives". Seeker.com. Archived from the original on 2017-09-26. Retrieved 2017-09-26.
  21. ^ Radford, Benjamin (2012-02-28). "Oscar-Winning Film Highlights Acid Attack Domestic Violence". Center For Inquiry. Archived from the original on 2013-04-16. Retrieved 2017-09-26.
  22. ^ Radford, Ben (2015-02-25). "'Witchcraft' Used to Fight Sex Trafficking in Africa". Seeker. Archived from the original on 2016-12-17. Retrieved 2017-09-26.
  23. ^ Mayberry, Carly. "National author to keynote Monterey County Skeptics' third annual SkeptiCamp". Montereyherald.com. Monterey Herald. Archived from the original on 8 January 2017. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  24. ^ Radford, Ben (2018). "Caught Between the Possible and the Paranormal". Skeptical Inquirer. Center for Inquiry. 42 (5): 30–31.
  25. ^ Parsons, Brian D. (2019). "A Friendly Guide Showing How Ghost Hunters Go Wrong". Skeptical Inquirer. Center for Inquiry. 43 (4): 62–63.
  26. ^ "2012 New Mexico-Arizona Book Awards". The New Mexico Book Co-op. Archived from the original on 2016-09-29. Retrieved 2019-09-17.
  27. ^ "2011 New Mexico Book Awards". The New Mexico Book Co-op. Archived from the original on 2011-09-26. Retrieved 2019-09-17.
  28. ^ "Book awards: Foreword Reviews Indiefab Book of the Year Award Finalist". LibraryThing.com. Retrieved 2019-09-17.
  29. ^ "2017 Independent Publisher Book Awards National Medalists". IndependentPublisher.com. Retrieved 2019-09-17.
  30. ^ "New Mexico-Arizona Book Awards 2018 Winners" (PDF). New Mexico Book Co-op. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  31. ^ "Squaring the Strange". squaringthestrange.libsyn.com. Squaring the Strange. Archived from the original on 15 October 2017. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  32. ^ Gerbic, Susan. "GSoW in the Land of Enchantment". scicop.org. Center for Inquiry. Archived from the original on May 22, 2018. Retrieved June 3, 2018.
  33. ^ Palmer, Rob. "Squaring the Skeptic with Celestia Ward (Part 1)". Skeptical Inquirer. Center for Inquiry. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  34. ^ Radford, Benjamin. "My New Podcast: Squaring the Strange!". Benjamin Radford. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  35. ^ Palmer, Rob. "Squaring the Skeptic with Celestia Ward (Part 2)". Skeptical Inquirer. Center for Inquiry. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  36. ^ Radford, Benjamin; Bartholomew, Robert PhD (February 2001), "Pokémon Contagion: Photosensitive Epilepsy or Mass Psychogenic Illness?", Southern Medical Journal, 94 (2): 197–204, doi:10.1097/00007611-200194020-00005, ISSN 0038-4348, OCLC 1766196, PMID 11235034, retrieved April 25, 2019
  37. ^ Radford, Benjamin (Sep–Oct 2007), "Santa Fe 'Courthouse Ghost' Mystery Solved", Skeptical Inquirer, Center for Inquiry, 31 (5), ISSN 0194-6730, archived from the original on December 3, 2010, retrieved October 23, 2010
  38. ^ Radford, Benjamin (June 21, 2007), "EXCLUSIVE: Courthouse 'Ghost' Video Mystery Solved", LiveScience, archived from the original on July 8, 2008, retrieved March 26, 2009
  39. ^ SFNM: What was it at the Santa Fe Courthouse? on YouTube
  40. ^ "Mystery Rocket Launched Off Californian Coast [UPDATE]". news.discovery.com. 9 November 2010. Archived from the original on 5 June 2014. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  41. ^ "Examining Official Explanation of the Mystery 'Missile'". Discovery News. Archived from the original on 2012-01-18. Retrieved 2012-08-07.
  42. ^ Radford, Benjamin (September 2008), "The White Witch of Rose Hall", Fortean Times (239), ISSN 0308-5899
  43. ^ Jill Stefko, "The White Witch of Rose Hall", Suite101.com (site blocked)
  44. ^ "Is Light Caught On Camera A Ghost?". YouTube. September 24, 2008. Archived from the original on July 6, 2014. Retrieved February 20, 2014.
  45. ^ Radford, Benjamin (October 14, 2008), "Kansas Gym Ghost Mystery Solved", LiveScience, archived from the original on November 20, 2008, retrieved March 26, 2009
  46. ^ Radford, Benjamin (January–February 2009), "Kansas Gym Ghost Video Mystery Solved", The Zetetic, Center for Inquiry, 33 (1), ISSN 0194-6730
  47. ^ Kirk, John (1998), In the Domain of the Lake Monsters, Toronto: Key Porter Books, p. 133, ISBN 978-1-55263-010-5
  48. ^ Radford, Benjamin (April 2004), "Lake Champlain Monster", Fortean Times (182), ISSN 0308-5899, archived from the original on February 21, 2014, retrieved February 20, 2014
  49. ^ Radford, Benjamin (Jul–Aug 2003), "The Measure of a Monster - Investigating the Champ Photo", Skeptical Inquirer, Center for Inquiry, 27 (4), ISSN 0194-6730, archived from the original on April 4, 2009, retrieved March 26, 2009
  50. ^ Benjamin Radford (January 2011). "HR Giger's Reel Alien". Fortean Times. Archived from the original on 2011-01-28. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
  51. ^ Radford, Ben (May–June 2011). "Slaying the Vampire: Solving the Chupacabra Mystery". Skeptical Inquirer. Center for Inquiry. 35 (3): 45.
  52. ^ Prothero, Donald; Loxton, Daniel (2013). Abominable Science: The Origin of Yeti, Nessie, and Other Cryptids. New York: Columbia Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0231153201.
  53. ^ "Ghost Cats & Open Lines". Coast to Coast AM. November 6, 2009. Archived from the original on October 7, 2015. Retrieved 2014-02-21.
  54. ^ "BOTYA 2011 Finalists in Social Sciences (Adult Nonfiction)". Archived from the original on 2014-02-22. Retrieved 2012-08-07.
  55. ^ Heaney, Katie. "Monster Hunt: The Chupacabra". Outside Magazine. Archived from the original on 2013-03-16. Retrieved 2013-03-12.
  56. ^ a b Radford, Benjamin. "Dyatlov Pass and Mass Murdering Yeti? A DN Exclusive". Doubtful News. Archived from the original on 9 September 2015. Retrieved 19 September 2015.
  57. ^ Korbus, Jason; Nelson, Bobby. "SFR 291: The Russian Yeti of Dyatlov Pass w/ Benjamin Radford". Strange Frequency Radio. Archived from the original on 5 September 2014. Retrieved 19 September 2015.
  58. ^ Sirens on IMDb
  59. ^ Radford, Ben. "Clicker Clatter". Archived from the original on 2012-05-23. Retrieved 2012-08-07.
  60. ^ a b Playing Gods - The Board Game of Divine Domination, archived from the original on February 27, 2010, retrieved March 26, 2009
  61. ^ Grossman, Cathy Lynn (November 18, 2008), "'Playing Gods' satirizes religious violence", USA Today, archived from the original on April 21, 2009, retrieved March 26, 2009
  62. ^ Synergy Magazine / Australia (Vol. 1 No. 4, pp. 56-57)
  63. ^ Zombie Bacon. "In Gods We Trust". Archived from the original on 27 August 2011. Retrieved 25 November 2011.
  64. ^ Drake, Matt (19 November 2008). "Drake's Flames: Board Game Review - Playing Gods". drakesflames.blogspot.com. Archived from the original on 18 February 2018. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
  65. ^ Grossman, Cathy Lynn (18 November 2008). "'Playing Gods' satirizes religious violence". USA Today. Retrieved 2013-06-19.
  66. ^ "Undead Apocalypse — The Board Game". Archived from the original on 18 August 2013. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  67. ^ "Undead Apocalypse Game Trailer". Archived from the original on 28 May 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
  68. ^ Blake Smith (5 June 2013). "Undead Apocalypse" (Podcast). MonsterTalk. Archived from the original on 17 September 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-19.
  69. ^ "Undead Apocalypse: War of the Damned". Archived from the original on 2013-12-06. Retrieved 2014-02-21.

External linksEdit