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Sir Philip Barling Greet (24 September 1857 – 17 May 1936), known professionally as Ben Greet, was a Shakespearean actor, director, and impresario.
Philip Barling Greet
24 September 1857
|Died||17 May 1936 (aged 78)|
The younger son of Captain William Greet RN and his wife, Sarah Barling, Greet was born on board HMS Crocodile, a Royal Navy recruiting ship tied up at the Tower of London. He was the youngest of five sisters and two brothers. He was educated at the Royal Naval School, New Cross. His parents planned to make him a naval officer or a clergyman, but instead he became a schoolmaster at a private school at Worthing. His brother, William Greet, was a theatre manager while his other brother Thomas was the only sibling to continue on to have a career in the Royal Navy.
Ben Greet would visit the Greenwich and Woolwich theatres frequently to watch the exciting productions of Victorian melodrama, Shakespearean plays, farces and pantomimes. Some of the productions he might have seen as a young child were Light in the Dark, Mariner's Compass and Shakespeare's Othello around the year 1867. Greet was exposed to many dramas as a child, and he performed in plays at school. According to Isaac, Greet would "have tested his histrionic powers, giving his family and friends a taste of his quality, interpreting [characters] of Shakespeare's plays…". Yet, Greet did not perform on the professional stage until four years after his father's death in 1879.
Greet performed in his first appearance as a professional actor in J.W. Gordon's Stock Company at the Theatre Royal in Southampton. He performed in an Irish melodrama and within the next day, he was assigned to play over twenty Shakespearean parts for an additional season. Then, for the next three years, Greet performed at the Theatre Royal in Margate, England where he was given the opportunity to work with the best artists of that time. After his three years performing in Margate, he went back to London to join Miss Wallis's Company at The Gaiety Theatre where they performed Cymbeline. Ben Greet played, as ‘Caius Lucius' in the show, and it was this role that claimed to be Greet's first real debut in 1883. Later that year, Greet became a member of Minnie Palmer's Company at the Grand Theatre in Islington where he played ‘Dudley Harcourt' in My Sweetheart. Although, his first major breakthrough role was the ‘Apothecary' in Mary Anderson's production of Romeo and Juliet at the Lyceum Theatre, which opened in 1884. The play ran for over one hundred nights, and the production was remembered as one of the most stunning performances of that time. From 1884 to until 1897, Greet played so many roles and moved to so many companies and theatres that it is hard to record them all. In just five years, Greet would have played over 300 roles in plays.
In 1883 Greet launched his career by first creating The Ben Greet Players, his own company. They would perform open-air productions of the classic English stage repertory. They first produced tours throughout England, performing in college gardens, the parks of great houses, and village greens. Popularity rose for The Ben Greet Players, and after twenty years of touring with outdoor productions of Shakespeare in England, Ben Greet was traveling with his troupe to tour in America.
In May of 1914, the "Ben Greet Players" presented two Shakespearean plays on the campus of the College of Industrial Arts, a women's college in Denton Texas. According to a letter dated May 5, 1914 by a student at the college, "...one of them will be given in the afternoon and the other at night. The "Ben Greet Players" is a traveling company that goes to the various colleges and universities of the country to play."
Greet's alfresco productions were the first tours organized to bring professional actors to college campuses in America. The American tour was even rewarding enough for The Ben Greet Players to perform for President Roosevelt on the White House front lawn.
Greet returned to England in 1903 for a short time and managed more tours before beginning another American tour in 1904. They performed plays such as Everyman, Twelfth Night, The Merchant of Venice and The Star of Bethlehem in locations including Boston and New York. By 1914, the year that Greet returned to England, before the First World War, Greet commenced in the management of the Old Vic Theatre.
In his four seasons at the Old Vic, Greet produced and directed 35 plays, including 23 by Shakespeare, plus Goldsmith's She Stoops to Conquer, Sheridan's The Rivals and The School for Scandal, the Medieval mystery play The Star of Bethlehem, and Everyman among other works. When Greet was still a director at the Old Vic, he also focused on changing the perspectives of children on their views of Shakespeare. During Greet's years working at the Old Vic, there were over 400 schools that worked in connection with the theatre. The Education Committee of Britain, in 1929, declared that theatre facilities should be renewed to allow children to experience Shakespeare performances "as a reinforcement of the school curriculum and a stimulus to literary appreciation". Over 20,000 elementary school students, along with their teachers, were given the chance to see one Shakespeare show during their school term. Due to this arrangement, Greet was able to share the spectacle that is Shakespeare with over a million children. The program continued for many years as many Education Committees in London sponsored it. Greet was knighted in 1929 by King George V for his works involving the Old Vic theatre and his overall devotion to Shakespeare.
- Victory and Peace (1918)
- Foulkes, Richard (2004). "Greet, Sir Philip Barling Ben (1857–1936), actor and theatre manager". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press.
- Isaac (1964), p. 15.
- Isaac (1964), p. 17.
- Isaac (1964), p. 26.
- Isaac (1964), p. 28.
- Isaac (1964), p. 29.
- Isaac (1964), p. 32.
- Letter to family of May 5, 1914 from TVF CIA student
- Rowell (1993), pp. 168–169.
- Isaac (1964), p. 163.
- Isaac (1964), p. 168.
- "No. 33501". The London Gazette. 31 May 1929. p. 3666.
- English Heritage (2011). "156,158 and 160, Lambeth Rd". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
- Halliday, F. E. (1964). A Shakespeare Companion 1564–1964. Baltimore: Penguin.
- Isaac, Winifred F. E. C. (1964). Ben Greet and the Old Vic: A Biography of Philip Ben Greet. London.
- Rowell, George (1993). The Old Vic Theatre: A History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.