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Belledune (2011 population: 1,548) is a Canadian village that straddles both Restigouche County and Gloucester County, New Brunswick.

Belledune
Village
Belledune is located in New Brunswick
Belledune

Belledune
Location within New Brunswick.
Coordinates: 47°54′N 65°49′W / 47.900°N 65.817°W / 47.900; -65.817
Country Canada
Province New Brunswick
CountyRestigouche
ParishBeresford
Founded1799
Village1968
Government
 • MayorJoe Noel
Area
 • Total189.33 km2 (73.10 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total1,548
 • Density8.2/km2 (21/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011
Decrease 9.5%
 • Dwellings
851
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (ADT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)506
Highways
Route 11

Route 134

The community of Belledune was created through the amalgamation of Jacquet River, Armstrong Brook, and Belledune in 1994. The community dubbed itself a "Supervillage" after this amalgamation. Belledune's population meets the requirements as a "Town" under the Municipalities Act of the Province of New Brunswick, but it has not requested a change in municipal status.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The village was first settled by Francois Guitard around 1815.[2] Guitard was originally from Paris, France and after fighting in Napoleon's army, he later defected to the British army. He and his wife Marie emigrated to Canada and after a brief settling in Riviere-Ouelle, Quebec, were granted land in New Brunswick. Guitard had also helped map the New Brunswick coastline with the British military. Settlers from the Miramichi Valley moved towards Belledune after the 1825 Great Miramichi Fire.

EconomyEdit

Belledune underwent unprecedented development during the era of premier Louis Robichaud (1960's) when a major regional port was built to service various industries on the north shore of New Brunswick.

The first major industrial projects at the port included in 1966 a lead and zinc smelter, now owned by Glencore with a nominal production of 120,000 tonnes per year.[3][4][5] built in support of the lead and zinc mines opened south of Bathurst during the 1950s in the Bathurst Mining Camp. The smelter has managed to extract silver from its imported silver lead concentrates, and in 2011 produced 400mt of pure silver valued at 448M$; the company proposes to increase its silver production to 700mt.[6] The current permit to operate is file number I-7107.[7]

NB Power opened the Belledune Generating Station, a coal-fired thermal generating station, at the port in 1993.

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

Canada census – Belledune community profile
2011 2006
Population: 1,548 (-9.5% from 2006) 1,711 (-11.0% from 2001)
Land area: 189.33 km2 (73.10 sq mi) 189.03 km2 (72.98 sq mi)
Population density: 8.2/km2 (21/sq mi) 9.1/km2 (24/sq mi)
Median age: 53.2 (M: 53.1, F: 53.2) 47.6 (M: 47.6, F: 47.6)
Total private dwellings: 851 863
Median household income: $40,129 $32,726
References: 2011[8] 2006[9] earlier[10]
YearPop.±%
1991 2,087—    
1996 2,060−1.3%
YearPop.±%
2001 1,923−6.7%
2006 1,711−11.0%
YearPop.±%
2011 1,548−9.5%

LanguageEdit

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Belledune, New Brunswick[11]
Census Total
English
French
English & French
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
1,550
1,285   13.2% 82.90% 235   14.6% 15.16% 25   25.0% 1.61% 5   n/a% 0.32%
2006
1,705
1,480   13.4% 86.80% 205   6.8% 12.02% 20   100.0% 1.17% 0   0.0% 0.00%
2001
1,940
1,710   3.9% 88.14% 220   15.4% 11.34% 10   71.4% 0.52% 0   0.0% 0.00%
1996
2,075
1,780 n/a 85.78% 260 n/a 12.53% 35 n/a 1.69% 0 n/a 0.00%

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Belledune, New Brunswick
  2. ^ gnb.ca: "Provincial Archives of New Brunswick - RS108-Guittard,-F | Land Petitions: Original Series"
  3. ^ cbc.ca: "Brunswick Smelter, union reach agreement", 15 Aug 2014
  4. ^ gnb.ca: "Xstrata Canada Corporation - Brunswick Smelter - Class 1 Air Quality Approval" Archived May 18, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ ic.gc.ca: " Brunswick Smelter a Glencore Company "
  6. ^ gnb.ca: "FACILITY MODIFICATION - SILVER REFINERY OPTIMIZATION PROJECT"[permanent dead link] (Department of Environment Impact Management Branch) August 2011
  7. ^ gnb.ca: "Approval to Operate I-7107 - XSTRATA CANADA CORPORATION for the operation of the Belledune Lead Smelter and Bulk Handling Facility" Archived May 18, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-04-01.
  9. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-04-01.
  10. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  11. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census

External linksEdit