Baur en Ville

Baur en Ville, now the Savoy Baur en Ville, is the oldest Grand Hotel in Zürich, Switzerland. It was founded in 1838 and is located on Poststrasse on Paradeplatz.[1] It has belonged to Credit Suisse for several decades.[2][3] The hotel includes the two restaurants, Baur and Orsini, as well as the Savoy Bar.[4]

Savoy Baur en Ville
Savoy 20-01-08.jpeg
Baur en Ville, 2020
General information
LocationZürich, Switzerland
AddressParadeplatz / Poststrasse 12, CH-8001
Opening1838; 183 years ago (1838)
Technical details
Floor count6
Design and construction
ArchitectDaniel Pfister (1838)
Chiodera & Tschudy (1899)
Pfleghard & Haefeli (1907)
Fässler & Partner (1990s)
Other information
Number of rooms104
Number of restaurants2
Number of bars1
Website
www.savoy-zuerich.ch/en

HistoryEdit

 
Johannes Baur

Johannes Baur, originally a journeyman baker[5] from Vorarlberg, Austria, immigrated to Zürich in the 1820s. He initially ran the Zum Kirschbaum in Marktgasse, opposite the confectioner David Sprüngli,[6] co-founder of Lindt & Sprüngli.

In 1837, Baur bought the building in Zürich which had previously served as a parsonage and opened Café Baur right next to the city's most important post office. Together with his wife, Anna Knechtli, Baur converted the house into a hotel between 1836 and 1838 according to plans by architect Daniel Pfister,[5] and, on 24 December 1838, opened Baur en Ville as the city's first hotel.[7] 140 beds and stables for 36-40 horses were available at the time.[8]

The chronicle of 1845 contains the names of various notable people of the time who stayed at the Hotel Baur en Ville, such as Friedrich Wilhelm von Bismarck and Anselm von Rothschild, Felix Mendelssohn and Franz Liszt.[9]

From 1877 to 1878, the house and the restaurant Orsini were rebuilt. After Baur's death, Heinrich Brunner took over the hotel and in 1899 sold it to the property speculator Jakob Lassmann from Constantinople. In 1899, the architects Alfred Chiodera and Theophil Tschudy approved a reconstruction and extension project in the French Renaissance style, but it was not carried out. Lassmann's speculations led to financial ruin and the hotel was sold to Jakob Schwarz.[10]

In 1907, under Schwarz, the conversion and extension was commissioned from the architects Pfleghard & Haefeli and 170 rooms were reopened on 13 June 1908. Since then, the hotel has borne the name Savoy.[10]

Since 1923 the hotel has been home to the United Guilds of Gerwe and Schumachern, and on 28 November 1924 the United Guilds celebrated their first meal in the hotel. Since 1923, the Savoy Club, founded in 1890 by Zürich returnees, has met in the hotel.[8]

From 1975 to 1978 the hotel was closed due to urgently needed renovation work. It was reopened on 31 March 1978.[11]

In the 1990s, the architects Fässler & Partner carried out various conversion work during ongoing operations, such as the renovation of the facade and roof in 1997, the conversion of 90 guest bathrooms and the redesign of the Orsini restaurant in 1998, the redesign of the banqueting and guild hall in 1999 and the redesign of 30 guest rooms and replacement of the canopy at the main entrance in 2000.[7]

Between 1985 and 2015, Christina and Manfred Hörger managed the hotel. Manfred died in 2015, and in 2017 Christina handed over the management to Werner Knechtli.[12]

The terrace was reopened in 2018 as an extension of the Savoy Bar.[13] Today the hotel has 104 rooms and suites and 170 employees.[14]

Baur en Ville should not be confused with Baur au Lac, on Lake Zürich, which was also built by Baur in 1844.

Architecture and constructionEdit

From 1836 to 1838, the master builder and architect Daniel Pfister erected a regular, block-like structure, divided by Ionic columns and pilasters with Ionic capitals. During the 1907 conversion, the hotel was extended by two storeys, preserving the architectural style of the original building.[9] Instead of the formerly continuous loggia, all the rooms behind the main façade were fitted with verandas and the pillars on the ground floor were narrowed down. The new floors were joined together by pillars with plant capitals that spanned several storeys. The top floor is distinguished by a meandering stone railing and pharaoh figures supporting the beams.[6]

In the 1970s, the building had to be completely demolished in accordance with fire protection guidelines, but also for reasons of comfort; conversion was not possible. At the same time, however, the street scene, consisting of the Tiefenhofhäusern, the Kreditanstalt and the Hotel Savoy Baur en Ville on Paradeplatz, was to be retained. The contract for the construction was awarded to Karl Steiner AG,[6] which removed the façade step by step, erected a new building and then rebuilt the historic façade. Inside, the hotel is therefore built in the style of the 1970s, while from the outside it still shows the historic facade.[10]

GalleryEdit

LiteratureEdit

  • Walter Baumann: Zu Gast im alten Zürich. München 1992, ISBN 3-88034-594-5
  • Hans Schulthess: Savoy Hotel Baur en Ville Zürich 1838–1938. Schulthess, Zürich 1938.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Savoy Hotel Baur en Ville Zurich"..
  2. ^ Benno Gasser (2016-05-02), "Das Herz der CS hängt an ihrem Luxushotel", Tages-Anzeiger (in German), ISSN 1422-9994, retrieved 2019-11-11
  3. ^ Zürich damals-heute
  4. ^ Handelskammer Deutschland Schweiz. "Veränderungen annehmen und am Puls der Zeit bleiben" (in German).
  5. ^ a b Grand Hotels: Reality and Illusion by Elain Denby - Google Books
  6. ^ a b c Walter Baumann: Zu Gast im alten Zürich. München 1992, ISBN 3-88034-594-5
  7. ^ a b "*****Hotel Savoy Baur en Ville, Zürich". Fässler + Partner AG (in German).
  8. ^ a b "Savoy Hotel Baur en Ville feiert 180-jährigen Geburtstag" (in German).
  9. ^ a b Zürcher Hoteliers (ed.), Hotel Zürich: Aus- und Rückblicke - 125 Jahre Zürcher Hoteliers (in German), ISBN 3-033-00329X
  10. ^ a b c Dieter Nievergelt (1979). "Stadt Zürich : Bauten aus dem Mittelalter bis zum 19. Jahrhundert". e-periodica (in German).
  11. ^ Marius Huber (2019-05-14), "Einmal abreissen und wieder aufbauen, bitte", Tages-Anzeiger (in German), ISSN 1422-9994, retrieved 2019-11-11
  12. ^ "Credit-Suisse-Luxushotel unter neuer Leitung" (in German). 2017-08-09.
  13. ^ "Die "Savoy"-Bar-Terrasse feiert ihr Comeback" (in German).
  14. ^ "Seminar- und Luxushotel im Zentrum Zürichs | Savoy Hotel Baur en Ville".

External linksEdit