Battle of Tellidede

Battle of Tellidede was a clash around Aydın, Turkey during the Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922).The Allies had found official orders of the Turks directing wholesale massacres of the Christian civilians including the rapes of the women. [1] Consequently , the Greeks were sent there with a Mandate to prevent the further massacres of Christians by the Turks. [2] Th Greek army planning to throw back the Turkish irregular forces around Aydın, started an offensive at the Tellidede ridges.

Battle of Tellidede
Part of the Greco-Turkish War (1919–22)
Date25–26 June 1919
Location
Tellidede ridges (Ovaemir-Yeniköy-Kadıköy line); (south of Aydın)
Result Greek victory
Belligerents
Kingdom of Greece Greece Kuva-yi Milliye
Commanders and leaders
Selami Bey
Strength
800 [1][2] 200 [1][2]
Casualties and losses
30 killed and wounded[1][2] 6 killed and a few wounded[1][2]



BattleEdit

 
Greek troops, summer 1919
 
Greek machine gun team

On 25 June, the Greek troops attacked the Turkish forces, who were located at the Ovaemir-Yeniköy-Kadıköy line. The right flank, defended by the Karadurmuş platoon, faced heavy machine gun fire. The left flank was defended by volunteers from Çakırbeyli, Beydere and Selami Bey's Koçarlı platoon. The center area was defended by the Çineli Tahir platoon. The defending forces numbered 200 men. They faced a Greek battalion of 800 men supported by heavy machine guns. Soon the Turks started to run out of ammunition. Furthermore, the terrain was impractical for defense against a much larger force. Facing these problems they decided to abandon the area and retreated southern to the Büyük Menderes River.

ResultEdit

The Greeks had suffered over 30 killed and wounded during their offensive, while the Turks had sustained 6 killed and a few wounded during their retreat.[2] After the battle, the Greek troops burnt down Ovaemir, Yeniköy and Kadıköy. Most of the residents of these settlements had fled earlier, only the elderly and disabled had stayed there. They were killed by the Greek soldiers.[2][3] The headpieces, covered in the blood, of the killed Turks were stuck on the top of the rifle bayonets and presented to the Turkish residents of Aydın.[2] The Turks had earlier slaughtered minority Christian civilians including Boy Scouts and the above may or not have been a misguided attempt at redress.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Oğuz Gülcan, 2007, page 260.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Sıtkı Aydınel: Güneybatı Anadolu'da Kuvâ-yı Milliye harekâtı, page 169.
  3. ^ Ajun Kurter: Türk Hava Kuvvetleri tarihi, Hava Kuvvetleri Komutanlığı, 2009, page 54. (in Turkish)

SourcesEdit