Battle of Shijōnawate

The 1348 Battle of Shijōnawate (四條畷の戰い) was a battle of the Nanboku-chō period of Japanese history, and took place in Yoshino, Nara. It was fought between the armies of the Northern and Southern Court of Japan.

Battle of Shijōnawate
Part of the Nanboku-chō period

The last stand of the Kusunoki at Shijonawate by Utagawa Kuniyoshi
Date4 Feb. 1348[1]
Result Northern Court victory
Northern Court Southern Court
Commanders and leaders
Kō no Moroyasu
Kō no Moronao
Kusunoki Masatsura
Kitabatake Chikafusa
60,000-80,000 3,000

Overview Edit

On February 4, 1348, the war began between Kusunoki Masatsura of the Southern Court and Kō no Moronao of the Northern Court. The Southern army was attacked at Yoshino, the temporary palace of the Imperial residence. Feeling too weak to defend the residence, Masatsura marched out with his whole force to meet his assailants. Kitabatake Chikafusa, meanwhile, led his force towards Izumi, diverting some of the attackers away from the palace.

Kusunoki engaged the enemy commander Kō no Moroyasu in single combat, and, it is said, was about to take Kō's head when he was struck by an arrow; Kusunoki then committed seppuku.[2][3]

The battle ended in a Northern Court victory, but the Southern Court fled Yoshino, leaving little for their enemies to capture. Masatsura, along with his younger brother and second in charge, Masatoki, died during the war.

References Edit

  1. ^ Turnbull, Stephen (1977). The Samurai, A Military History. MacMillan Publishing Co., Inc. p. 103. ISBN 0026205408.
  2. ^ Sansom, George (1961). A History of Japan, 1334-1615. Stanford University Press. p. 76. ISBN 0804705259.
  3. ^ Turnbull, Stephen (1998). The Samurai Sourcebook. Cassell & Co. p. 208. ISBN 1-85409-523-4.

Further reading Edit

  • George Bruce. Harbottle's Dictionary of Battles. (Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1981) (ISBN 0442223366).

34°24′N 135°51′E / 34.400°N 135.850°E / 34.400; 135.850