Battle of Sharur

The Battle of Sharur occurred in December 1501. It ended with a decisive victory for the Safavid army. After this victory, the way of the Safavids to Tabriz was opened. Alvand Mirza disappeared from the political scene.[1]

Battle of Sharur
Part of Safavid - Aq Qoyunlu Wars
DateDecember 1501
Location
Result Safavid victory.
Territorial
changes
Safavids regain control of Azerbaijan.
Belligerents
Flag of Persia 1502-1524.svg Safavid Iran Flag of Ak Koyunlu.svg Aq Qoyunlu
Commanders and leaders
Shah Ismail I Alvand Mirza
Karachagay Khan  
Strength
7,000 10,000 - 30,000

BackgroundEdit

Ismail defeated Shirvanshah Farrukh Yasar in the Battle of Jabani in 1500 and captured Baku in the spring of 1501. While besieging the Gulustan fortress, he heard the news that AQ Qoyunlu Alvand Mirza had gathered troops and moved to fight him. Although Alvand advised him to stay in Shirvan and became its ruler.

BattleEdit

Two armies met in the plain of Sharur. Ismail had an army of 7,000 and Alvand Mirza had an army more than 10,000. According to Roger Savory, the number of Alvand's army was 4 times more than the number of Ismail's army. Anyway Ismail won by showing great commanding ability. Seeing that his army was disbanded, Alvand Mirza fled to Erzincan.[2]

Ismail also killed in a one-on-one battle with the famous commander of the Aq Qoyunlus, Karachagay khan. Although Ismail was only 14 years old in that battle.

AftermathEdit

After victory, Ismail went to Tabriz. After entering Tabriz, he proclaimed himself shah and founded the Safavid Empire. With this battle, Ismail captured Azerbaijan.[3] Thus, he accumulated the rich resources needed to expand his state.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sümer, Faruk (1976). Safevi Devletinin Kuruluşu ve Gelişmesinde Anadolu Türklerinin Rolü. Ankara.
  2. ^ ROGER M. SAVORY. "ESMĀʿĪL I ṢAFAWĪ". iranicaonline.org.
  3. ^ Woods, J. E. (1976). The Aqquyunlu: Clan, Confederation, Empire. Minneapolis and Chicago.

SourcesEdit