Battle of Mogadishu (November 2007)

The Third Battle of Mogadishu, in November 2007, was a series of confrontations in Mogadishu, Somalia in which 91 people died, mostly civilians killed by Ethiopian troops.[4][5] The battle is called the Third Battle, or will include the date, in order to distinguish it amongst the nine major Battles of Mogadishu during the decades long Somali Civil War.

Battle of Mogadishu (2007)
Part of the War and Insurgency in Somalia

Map of Somalia with Mogadishu
DateNovember 8–16, 2007
Result Indecisive
Hizbul Shabaab
Somalia Hawiye clan militiamen


Somalia Transitional Federal Government
Casualties and losses
Unknown 9 Ethiopian soldiers killed[1]
6 TFG soldiers killed[2]
83 civilians killed[3]

Timeline Edit

The next few days there was a lull in the fighting but on November 16, the chief of TFG intelligence was killed and the next day insurgents attacked Ugandan troops in the K-4 neighbourhood. One insurgent was confirmed to be killed in the fighting with Ugandan soldiers. One TFG policeman and a civilian were also killed in an IED attack on the same day.

Violations of the laws of war Edit

UNICEF have voiced their concern at the increasing number of rape cases in the country's war-torn capital Mogadishu. The representative for Somalia, Christian Balslev-Olesen has said that, "Sexual violence and rape are part of the game now". He also said that rapes were mainly committed by government militias and their Ethiopian allies. Ethiopian troops have been accused of numerous rapes of civilians in Somalia, which is a violation of human rights. [6]

According to the UN, the battle displaced about 200,000 people in two weeks,[7] with 600,000 or about 60% of Mogadishu's population fleeing overall since February. Somali rights group Elmand claims to have verified almost 6,000 civilian deaths in Mogadishu alone, with 700,000 fleeing.[8]

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ Crowd drags Ethiopian corpse, echoing 1993 brutality -
  2. ^ "Somalia: Two soldiers killed in an ambush attack in Mogadishu". Archived from the original on 2007-11-13. Retrieved 2007-11-12.
  3. ^ BBC NEWS | Africa | Somalis flee Mogadishu fighting
  4. ^ BBC NEWS | Africa | Dozens die in Mogadishu reprisals
  5. ^ "Somalia: more than twenty cadavers found in some parts of Mogadishu". Archived from the original on 2007-11-12. Retrieved 2007-11-10.
  6. ^ "UN: Rape is now "part of the game" in brutal Somali conflict - Africa". Archived from the original on 2007-12-14. Retrieved 2018-11-03.
  7. ^ UNHCR - Somalia: Number of displaced rises to one million
  8. ^ "The Associated Press: Somali Group: 5,960 Killed This Year". Archived from the original on December 14, 2007. Retrieved December 4, 2007.