Battle of Melantias

The Battle of Melantias or Battle of Melanthius, which took place in 559, was a battle between the armies of the Kutrigurs, commanded by Zabergan, and the Byzantine Empire, under the able and skilled command of general Belisarius. Though substantially outnumbered, Byzantine army decisively won the battle and forced the Kutrigurs to withdraw in bad order.[2] This was the last battle in which Belisarius commanded a force.

Battle of Melanthius
Part of Byzantine-Kutrigurs war 558–559
Date559
Location
Result Byzantine victory
Belligerents
Byzantine Empire Kutrigurs[1] army
Commanders and leaders
Belisarius Zabergan
Strength
300 Byzantine veteran troops and some civilians 2,000 cavalry
Casualties and losses
Unknown 400 killed

BackgroundEdit

During the winter of 558, Zabergan led a substantial Kutrigur army which crossed the frozen Danube. This army invaded Moesia and Thrace, threatening Constantinople itself. Emperor Justinian I recalled Belisarius from retirement.[3] Belisarius led a small force of 300 veterans, together with locally raised levies, to drive the Kutrigurs from the Theodosian Walls.

The BattleEdit

Belisarius decided to advance to meet the Kutrigurs and set up his camp a few kilometers from his opponent in Melantias, a settlement about 20 miles from Constantinople. Zabergan wanted to take the Byzantines by surprise and left his camp with 2,000 horsemen, but he was in turn taken by surprise by Belisarius. According to the Byzantine historian Agathias, Belisarius used a stratagem to make the Kutrigurs believe that they were facing a sizeable force; he asked local peasants to scatter in the forest and hit the trees to make a lot of dust in order to scare the horses of the Kutrigurs.[4] The unit of Kutrigurs who approached the area panicked and many were killed.

AftermathEdit

Defeated, the Kutrigurs and their Slav allies retreated. They briefly continued to plunder Thrace before crossing the Danube and returning to their homeland.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Victor Tonnennensis episcopi. Chronica, c. 560
  2. ^ James C. Bradford, International Encyclopedia of Military History
  3. ^ Tony Jaques, Dictionary of Battles and Sieges, p.651
  4. ^ Amédée Thierry, Histoire d'Attila et de ses successeurs…, p. 367.
  5. ^ Spencer C. Tucker, 500 Great Military Leaders, ABC-Clio, Oxford

Further readingEdit

  • Frendo, Joseph D., ed. (1975). Agathias: The Histories. Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 3-11-003357-7.