41°21′57″N 0°30′19″E / 41.36583°N 0.50528°E / 41.36583; 0.50528

Battle of Mayals
Part of the First Carlist War
Date10 April 1834
Location41°21′57″N 0°30′19″E / 41.365833°N 0.505278°E / 41.365833; 0.505278
Result Liberal victory
Carlists Liberals
Commanders and leaders

Manuel Carnicer Griñón

Ramon Cabrera

José Miralles

Joaquin Quílez

José Carratalá

Manuel Breton

Agustín Nogueras
Casualties and losses
approx. 300 dead, 700 captured[1] approx. 100 dead[1]
Battle of Mayals is located in Catalonia
Battle of Mayals
Location of Mayals within Catalonia

The Battle of Mayals (Spanish pronunciation: [majals]) in Catalonia was fought in the afternoon of April 10, 1834 between a Carlist force led by Manuel Carnicer Griñón[2] and a Liberal force led by José Carratalá[3] near the town of Mayals. The Liberal victory negatively affected Carlism's spread in the region in the early stages of the war.

Background edit

Carnicer, leader of the Aragonese Carlists since February,[4] was leading a small division towards Tarragona in order to protect insurrectionists there when Carratalá, commander general of the Royal forces in the city mobilized to meet him, joined by Manuel Breton's column from Tortosa and urban militias from Reus and other nearby towns. Carnicer's objective was to establish strategic control in the area to create a connection between insurrectionists in Catalonia and the Maestrazgo which would allow those two forces to cooperate.[1]

Battle edit

Carnicer set up his forces at the peak of the hills immediately adjacent to the town: Cabrera leading the vanguard, Miralles the left flank supported by cavalry, and Quílez on the right. Carratalá organized his troops to match this formation.[1]

The Liberal troops opened fire, led by the urban militias of Porrera, Falcet, and Flix as well as the snipers from Tortosa. The Carlists responded and firing broke out throughout the field. Carratalá then reinforced his frontline, while Carnicer was unable to do so and so his line folded towards the center. Breton followed with a cavalry charge on the Carlist right flank, which the cavalry supporting Quílez was unable to repeal. Subsequently, the Carlist cavalry dispersed and their right flank broke. Carnicer himself attempted to fight off the Liberal cavalry with his rifle butt to no avail as the collapse of his forces' right flank had already sealed his defeat.[1]

Aftermath edit

While the deaths in the battle were significant, the most important loss for the Carlists was further spread of the insurrection in Catalonia. The historian Antonio Pirala—who obtained access to confidential Carlist correspondence—believes that "over 20,000 men would have declared themselves for Carlos if Carnicer had triumphed in Mayals".[1] His forces at the after the battle numbered approximately 100, and with those he marched towards the Maestrazgo.[4]

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Pirala, Antonio (1858). Historia de la guerra civil y de los Partidos Liberal y Carlista. Julio Aróstegui. Madrid: Turner. pp. 296–298. ISBN 84-7506-138-9. OCLC 12320449.
  2. ^ "Manuel Carnicer Griñón | Real Academia de la Historia". dbe.rah.es. Retrieved 2021-08-13.
  3. ^ "José Carratalá Martínez | Real Academia de la Historia". dbe.rah.es. Retrieved 2021-08-13.
  4. ^ a b Rújula, Pedro (1998). Contrarrevolución : realismo y Carlismo en Aragón y el Maestrazgo, 1820-1840 (1 ed.). Zaragoza, España: Prensas Universidad de Zaragoza. p. 191. ISBN 978-1-4416-6608-6. OCLC 656272390.