Battle of Lugos

The Battle of Lugos was fought on 21 September 1695 near the city of Lugos in the East Banat, between the forces of the Ottoman Empire, and the forces of the Habsburg monarchy as part of the Great Turkish War.

Battle of Lugos
Part of Great Turkish War
Battle of Lugos September 1695.jpg
Battle map
Date21 September 1695
Location
Lugos, Kingdom of Hungary (today: Lugoj, modern-day Romania)
Result Ottoman victory
Belligerents

Flag of the Ottoman Empire (1453-1517).svg Ottoman Empire

Commanders and leaders
Strength
Unknown Unknown
Casualties and losses
Heavy[1] Heavy[1]

BackgroundEdit

 
Austrian Field Marshal, Federico Ambrosio Veterani di Urbino, killed during the battle

By 1695 the Ottoman Empire had retaken the offensive. Sultan Mustafa II ordered the renewal of the attack in Transylvania and his army captured Lipova shortly after. Defending the Banat region and encamped close to Lipova was the Austrian Field Marshal, Johann Friedrich Ambrosius von Veterani (in Italian, Federico Ambrosio Veterani, who was born in Urbino), commander in chief of the Transylvanian forces, with an army of 7,000 men.[2]

BattleEdit

The Ottomans advanced from Lipova and clashed with the Christian army, General Veterani was unable to form a junction with the Imperial Army under Elector of Saxony Augustus II the Strong. The battle caused heavy casualties on both sides. Field Marshal Veterani was taken prisoner by the Turks and beheaded.[3]Captain Strahinja and Antonije Znorić, commanders of the units of Serbian Militia within Austrian army, were also killed in this battle.[4]

AftermathEdit

The great Turkish war continued until the replacement of Augustus by Eugene of Savoy as Commander in chief and as a consequence the Ottoman Empire's ultimate defeat two years later at Zenta.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Vukcevich, I. (2013). Croatia 2: Ludwig Von Gaj Opposes Croatia'S Hungarian Heritage. Xlibris US. ISBN 978-1-4836-5223-8.
  2. ^ Coxe, William (1820). History of the house of Austria: from the foundation of the monarchy by Rhodolph of Hapsburgh, to the death of Leopold, the Second: 1218 to 1792. Volume 3. Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown. p. 397.
  3. ^ Jaques, Tony (2007). Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: F-O. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 605. ISBN 9780313335389. Retrieved 17 July 2011.
  4. ^ Gavrilović, Slavko (1993), Iz istorije Srba u Hrvatskoj, Slavoniji i Ugarskoj : XV-XIX vek (in Serbian), Belgrade: Filip Višnjić, p. 26, ISBN 978-86-7363-126-4, OCLC 32079053, retrieved 15 December 2011, Тих дана, у бици код Лугоша у Банату пао је и тадашњи командант српске милиције у Ердељу, пуковник Антоније Знорић
  5. ^ Jaques, T.; Showalter, D.E. (2007). Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: F-O. Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: A Guide to 8,500 Battles from Antiquity Through the Twenty-first Century. Greenwood Press. p. 590. ISBN 978-0-313-33538-9.