This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2022)
The Battle of Balanjar was a battle that took place during the First Khazar-Arab War between the armies of the Khazar Khaganate and the Caliphate, whose commanding general was Abd ar-Rahman ibn Rabiah.
|Battle of Balanjar|
|Part of the Arab–Khazar Wars|
|Khazar Khaganate||The Islamic Caliphate|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Unknown (possibly Irbis)||Abd ar-Rahman ibn Rabiah|
|Casualties and losses|
Ibn Rabiah, probably the brother of Salman ibn Rabiah, governor of Armenia, was charged with the task of conquering the Khazars and, to this purpose, invaded the northern Caucasus in the late 640s CE. In 652 (or according to some sources, 642) Abd ar-Rahman and his army met a Khazar force outside Balanjar and were annihilated. According to Arab historians such as al-Tabari, both sides in the battle used catapults against the other.
- Islam, Misbah (2008). Decline of Muslim States and Societies : The Real Root Causes and What Can Be Done Next. New Jersey: Xlibris Corporation. p. 325. ISBN 978-1-4363-1012-3.
- Howard-Johnston, J. D. (2010). Witnesses to a World Crisis : Historians and Histories of the Middle East in the Seventh Century. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. p. 378. ISBN 978-0-19-920859-3.
- Crawford, Peter (2013). The War of the Three Gods : Romans, Persians and the Rise of Islam. Barnsley: Pen & Sword Military. p. 217. ISBN 978-1-84884-612-8.
- Kevin Alan Brook. The Jews of Khazaria. 2nd ed. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc, 2006.
- Douglas M. Dunlop. The History of the Jewish Khazars, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1954.
- Peter B. Golden. Khazar Studies: An Historio-Philological Inquiry into the Origins of the Khazars. Budapest: Akademia Kiado, 1980.
- Norman Golb and Omeljan Pritsak, Khazarian Hebrew Documents of the Tenth Century. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press, 1982.