Aḥmad ibn Abī Ya‘qūb ibn Ja'far ibn Wahb ibn Waḍīḥ al-Ya‘qūbī (died 897/8), known as Ahmad al-Ya'qubi, or Ya'qubi (Arabic: اليعقوبي‎), was an Arab[3][4][5] Muslim geographer[6] and perhaps the first historian of world culture in the Abbasid Caliphate.[7]


Aḥmad ibn Abī Ya‘qūb ibn Ja'far al-Ya‘qūbī
DiedAH 284 (AD 897–898)[1][2]
Pen nameYa'qubi
OccupationArab writer, traveller and Historian
PeriodIslamic golden age
(Abbasid era)
GenreHistory and geography
Notable worksTa'rikh ibn Wadih and Kitab al-Buldan


He was a great-grandson of Wadih, the freedman of the caliph Al-Mansur. Until 873 he lived in Armenia and Khorasan, working under the patronage of the Tahirids Governors; then he traveled to India, Egypt and the Maghreb,[8] and died in Egypt. He died in AH 284 (897/8).[2]

His sympathies with Ahl al-Bayt[9] are found throughout his works.[10]

In 872, he lists the kingdoms of Bilad el-Sudan, including Ghana, Gao, and Kanem.[11]


  • Ta'rikh ibn Wadih (Chronicle of Ibn Wadih)
  • Kitab al-Buldan (Book of the Countries) - biology, contains a description of the Maghreb, with a full account of the larger cities and much topographical and political information (ed. M. de Goeje, Leiden, 1892).[8]
  • Ya'qubi (1861). A. W. T. Juynboll (ed.). Kitab al-Buldan (in Arabic). BRILL.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Muhammad's successor
  2. ^ a b Ya'qubi at the Encyclopædia Britannica
  3. ^ "Al-Yaʿqūbī | Arab historian and geographer".
  4. ^ "Al Ya'qubi".
  5. ^ https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/al-yaqubi
  6. ^ Thatcher 1911.
  7. ^ Daly, Okasha El (2005). Egyptology : the missing millennium : ancient Egypt in medieval Arabic writings. London: UCL. p. 166. ISBN 1844720632.
  8. ^ a b   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainThatcher, Griffithes Wheeler (1911). "Ya'qūbī". In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 904.
  9. ^ Camilla Adang, Muslim Writers on Judaism and the Hebrew Bible: From Ibn Rabban to Ibn Hazm, (E.J. Brill, 1996), 37.
  10. ^ Ya'qubi
  11. ^ Levtzion, Nehemia (1973). Ancient Ghana and Mali. New York: Methuen & Co Ltd. p. 3. ISBN 0841904316.

External linksEdit