Battle of Aussig
The Battle of Aussig (German: Schlacht bei Aussig) or Battle of Ústí nad Labem (Czech: Bitva u Ústí nad Labem) was fought on 16 June 1426, between Roman Catholic crusaders and the Hussites during the Fourth Crusade of the Hussite Wars. It was fought near Aussig (Ústí nad Labem) in northern Bohemia.
|Battle of Aussig|
|Part of the Third anti-Hussite crusade, Hussite Wars|
Battle of Aussig by Věnceslav Černý
Hussite coalitionGrand Duchy of Lithuania
|Commanders and leaders|
/ Sigismund Korybut|
Prokop the Great
Jan Roháč z Dubé
|Boso of Vitzthum|
500 War wagons
|Casualties and losses|
|4,000 killed including 14 counts and barons|
The crusade was called because the Pope believed that the Hussite armies would be easily defeated after the death of Jan Žižka. The overall commander of the Hussite forces at the battle was Sigismund Korybut, while Prokop the Great was independently in command of the Taborites. Boso of Vitzthum was the leader of the crusading army. Medieval chronicles states that Hussites had 24,000 soldiers and at least 500 war wagons, while the crusaders had 36,000 men. However modern historians suggest that these numbers are largely exaggerated.
The Hussites drew up their Wagenburg on one of the hills near the town. A crusader cavalry assault on the wagon fortress began the battle. The knights could have been equipped with very large battle axes or hammers because one account of the battle has them hewing through the retaining chains on the wagons to breach through the fortress and get inside the Wagenburg. Then, the knights broke through a second defensive line that was made up of pavises. This was the highest point of crusader morale in the whole battle. The Hussite cavalry inside the Wagenburg had left and attacked the knights trying to breach the wagon chains from the rear. The knights were then surrounded and fell under a huge barrage of artillery, crossbow, and handgun fire. The Hussites then charged in on the knights and showed no mercy. The actual battle was brief, and for that reason, it is possible that no more than 4,000 soldiers were lost on the crusader side. However, after the battle, many of the crusaders fled to nearby villages.
- ČORNEJ, Petr; BĚLINA, Pavel (1993). Slavné bitvy naší historie (in Czech). Praha: Marsyas.
- PORÁK, Jaroslav; KAŠPAR, Jaroslav (1980). Ze starých letopisů českých (in Czech). Praha: Svoboda.