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The Battle of Arras, fought on August 25, 1654, was a victory of a French army under Turenne against a Spanish army commanded by Don Ferdinand de Salis and the Prince de Condé.

Battle of Arras
Part of the Franco-Spanish War
Histoire du vicomte de Turenne, maréchal-général des armés du roi - enrichie des plans de batailles and des sièges (1771) (14593542970).jpg
Date25 August 1654
Location
Arras (present-day France)
Result French victory
Belligerents
 France  Spain
Commanders and leaders
Kingdom of France Vicomte de Turenne
Kingdom of France Duc de La Ferté
Kingdom of France Marquis d'Hocquincourt
Spain Archduke Leopold Wilhelm
Spain Prince de Condé
Strength
26,000 22,000
63 guns
Casualties and losses
400–1,000[1][2]

7,000[2]


2,000 killed and wounded
5,000 captured
63 guns
9,000 horses
2,000 wagons
6,000 tents

The place, held by a French garrison, was besieged by the Spaniards under the Great Condé. A relief army under Turenne, d'Hocquincourt and de la Ferté attacked the Spanish lines and totally routed them with a loss of 7,000 men.[2] Condé succeeded in rallying the remainder of his army and made a masterful retreat to Cambrai.

Before the battle, Turenne risked exposing himself and his officers in order to reconnoitre the Spanish lines. He was criticised for taking such risks by some of his officers, but the Duke of York, the future King James II of England, later observed that these officers realised their error after they realised that Turenne had worked out where to attack during these reconnaissances. Turenne attacked at night, two hours before daybreak on 25 August. D'Hocquincourt attacked the troops from Lorraine, Turenne attacked the Spanish and provided support for de la Ferté, whose attack was less successful. In the morning Condé counter-attacked, falling on French troops who were pillaging the former Spanish camp. De la Ferté panicked and abandoned some high ground. Turenne rode up and placed some cannon on the high ground, forcing Condé to retreat. The young Louis XIV visited the battlefield and saw the disparity between the numbers of French and Spanish dead.[3] This was Louis XIV's first victory against a foreign army.

Cyrano de Bergerac, who is the subject of the classic French play Cyrano de Bergerac by Edmond Rostand, participated in a siege of Arras in 1640, and not the battle of 1654.

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Général Maxime Weygand - Turenne (Flammarion, 1929) p. 78. Weygand gives 4,000 Spanish casualties.
  2. ^ a b c Bodart 1908, p. 82.
  3. ^ Général Maxime Weygand - Turenne (Flammarion, 1929) pp. 76-8.

BibliographyEdit

  • Bodart, G. (1908). Militär-historisches Kriegs-Lexikon (1618-1905).

Coordinates: 50°17′23″N 2°46′51″E / 50.2897°N 2.7808°E / 50.2897; 2.7808