Basil Solomon was the Maphrian of the East and head of the Syriac Orthodox Church of the East from 1509 until his death in 1518.
|Syriac Orthodox Maphrian of the East|
|Church||Syriac Orthodox Church|
|Predecessor||Basil Abraham III|
|Successor||Basil Athanasius Habib|
Solomon was born in the late 15th century at Mardin, and was the son of Joseph, son of Elianus. He became a monk at the Monastery of Saint Ananias before 1495. Solomon was noted for his proficiency in the Syriac language, and he transcribed the dictionary of Bar Ali for Dionysius, archbishop of Ma’dan, in 1499. He succeeded Basil Abraham III as Maphrian of the East after a two-year vacancy and was ordained by Ignatius Yeshu I in late 1509, upon which he assumed the name Basil.
In 1514, Solomon was forced to flee from Mosul due to accusations against him, and he took refuge at the village of Esfes near Gazarta, where he resided for the remainder of his reign. Despite this, he continued to ordain deacons and priests for churches in Mosul, Gazarta, and Azakh. Solomon served as Maphrian of the East until his death in 1518, and he was likely buried at the church of Saint David.
- Barsoum, Aphrem (2008). History of the Za‘faran Monastery. Translated by Matti Moosa. Gorgias Press.
- Barsoum, Aphrem (2009). The Collected Historical Essays of Aphram I Barsoum. 1. Translated by Matti Moosa. Gorgias Press. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
Basil Abraham III
| Syriac Orthodox Maphrian of the East
Basil Athanasius Habib