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97/98/101 Avenue and Baseline Road is a major arterial road in central Edmonton and north Sherwood Park, Alberta. It connects Downtown Edmonton with the mature residential neighborhoods on the city's eastern edge, as well as Refinery Row and Sherwood Park.[1]

97/98/101 Avenue
97/98/101 Avenue, Edmonton is located in Edmonton
97/98/101 Avenue, Edmonton
97/98/101 Avenue, Edmonton
Start/End points of 97/98/101 Ave and Baseline Rd
Maintained byCity of Edmonton, Strathcona County
Length17.6km
LocationEdmonton and Sherwood Park, Alberta
----

97 Avenue & 98 Avenue

Length6.6 km (4.1 mi)
West end111 Street
Major
junctions
109 Street, 105 Street, Connors Road, Scona Road, 75 Street, 50 Street
East end49 Street
----

101 Avenue & Baseline Road

Length14.1 km (8.8 mi)
West end84 Street / Forest Heights Park
Major
junctions
Wayne Gretzky Drive / 75 Street, 50 Street, 34 Street, 17 Street, Anthony Henday Drive, Broadmoor Boulevard, Sherwood Drive, Clover Bar Road
East endHighway 21
----

Terrace Road

Length0.9 km (0.6 mi)
West end98 Avenue
East end101 Avenue

Route descriptionEdit

 
Looking east along 98 Avenue overlooking the James MacDonald Bridge and Muttart Conservatory

97/98 AvenueEdit

The roadway begins as a local road where 111 Street, a one-way (southbound) street, turns east. At 111 Street, 97 Avenue becomes two-way and at 109 Street, it becomes an arterial road. East of 109 Street, it passes underneath the grounds of the Alberta Legislature, through the historic neighbourhood of Rossdale, and crosses the North Saskatchewan River via the James MacDonald Bridge. East of the North Saskatchewan River, the roadway becomes 98 Avenue and passes through an interchange which provides access to Connors Road, Scona Road, and the Low Level Bridge. After passing through the neighbourhood Cloverdale, which provides access to Muttart Conservatory and the Edmonton Ski Club, it ascends out of the river valley. It continues through mid-century residential neighbourhoods, and at the western of edge of Capilano Mall, the roadway splits where the main roadway turns northeast along Terrace Road while 98 Avenue continues east along the southern perimeter of Capilano Mall as a collector road. East of 50 Street, 98 Avenue becomes a local road and ends at 49 Street.[1]

Terrace RoadEdit

Near Capilano Mall, the roadway shifts from following 98 Avenue to 101 Avenue, travelling in a northeast-southwest direction for a short distance, and is called Terrace Road.[1] It is named after community of Terrace Heights in which it is located.

101 AvenueEdit

101 Avenue begins in Forest Heights Park, overlooking the North Saskatchewan River valley and Downtown Edmonton, and travels east as a residential collector road through mixed residential and commercial. It is interrupted by Terrace Road at Capilano Mall, where eastbound traffic briefly diverts southeast for 90 m (300 ft), and under the name 57 Street is forced to make a left turn onto Terrace Road in order to continue eastward (through traffic provides access to the mall). East of 50 Street, 101 Avenue becomes a 6-9 lane limited-access road with a 70 km/h (43 mph) speed limit. At 34 Street, 101 Avenue leaves Edmonton, becoming Baseline Road.[1]

101 Avenue is the alignment for two other major named roadways in Edmonton; Jasper Avenue through downtown and the portion Stony Plain Road west of 149 Street.

Baseline RoadEdit

101 Avenue continues into Strathcona County and becomes Baseline Road. It passes through Refinery Row, separating the Imperial Oil Strathcona Refinery and Suncor Energy refinery. At Anthony Henday Drive, it enters Sherwood Park and passes through its suburban commercial and retail areas. It leaves Sherwood Park at Highway 21 and continues east as Township Road 530.[1] It was given this name by Strathcona County as it follows the 14th base line as part of the Dominion Land Survey.[2]

HistoryEdit

 
Looking east along 98 Avenue

101 Avenue is a historical eastern gateway into Edmonton with it being the nearest road allowance to the Dawson Bridge crossing of the North Saskatchewan River, which aligns with Rowland Road and 106 Avenue to the north. When Alberta introduced highway numbers in the 1930s, the original alignment of Highway 15 left downtown Edmonton along Rowland Road and the Dawson Bridge, turned south along 79 Street (later 84 Street), and then left Edmonton along 101 Avenue.[3] East of Edmonton, the route turned north at Range Road 234 for 3.2 km (2.0 mi) before turning east Township Road 532.[4][5] In 1940, the Highway 15 designation was switched with Highway 16 east, which at the time followed Fort Trail from Edmonton to Fort Saskatchewan.[5][6] In 1953 the Clover Bar Bridge opened, resulting in Highway 16 being rerouted from 101 Avenue to 118 Avenue and the former alignment being designated as Highway 16A.[7]

The City of Edmonton commissioned the 1963 Metro Edmonton Transportation Study (METS) to address the need for free-flow traffic corridors and more river crossings in the downtown area. The plan proposed a downtown freeway loop with feeder routes, including an eastern approach via 98 Avenue, a southern approach via the Mill Creek Ravine which would continue north across the river and continue north parallel to 95 Street, and a western approach via the MacKinnon Ravine and 100 Avenue. The eastern and southern approaches would be connected to the western approach via the south leg of the freeway loop, which cross the river near the Low Level Bridge and follow River Valley Road, along with a new arterial roadway via 97 Avenue.[8] In the late 1960s and early 1970s, road improvement projects outside downtown had connections to the 98 Avenue approach in mind. A major interchange at Highway 16 and Highway 16A (present-day Yellowhead Trail and Anthony Henday Drive) opened in 1971 and an interchange at Highway 16A and Highway 14X (present-day Anthony Henday Drive and Baseline Road, respectively) opened in 1975, featuring grading for a future eastbound to northbound flyover that was ultimately not constructed, the grading was removed when Anthony Henday Drive was reconstructed in the late 2010s.[9][10] As the residential neighbourhoods in eastern Edmonton were developed, Terrace Road was constructed to allow for continuous movement between Highway 16A east and 98 Avenue. The freeway proposal through the North Saskatchewan River valley and its feeder ravines proved to be very controversial, with public protests suspending construction shortly after clearing work had begun in the MacKinnon Ravine. In tandem with cost overruns, the majority of project was cancelled in 1974;[11][12] however, remnants of the larger project which were constructed include the interchange with Connors Road, the James MacDonald Bridge, and the tunnel underneath the Alberta Legislature grounds.

In the early 1980s, the Highway 16A designation was phased out within Edmonton city limits, with the Strathcona County section remaining along Baseline Road until 1996.[13] In the late 1990s, the City of Edmonton looked to establish an inner ring road, one proposal was designating Wayne Gretzky Drive and 50 Street as part of the eastern leg, with 98 Avenue as the connector.[14] In the end, 75 Street between Wayne Gretzky Drive and Whitemud Drive was designated as the eastern leg of the inner ring road.[15]

NeighbourhoodsEdit

List of neighbourhoods 97/98/101 Avenue and Baseline Road runs through, in order from east to west:[16][17]

EdmontonEdit

Sherwood ParkEdit

  • Shivam Park
  • Mills Haven
  • Broadview Park
  • Durham Square
  • Glen Allan
  • Lakeland Ridge
  • Craigavon
  • Heritage Hills
  • Clarkdale Meadows
  • Heritage Point
  • Valley Point North

Major intersectionsEdit

Starting at the west end of 97 Avenue.

Rural/specialized municipalityLocationkm[1]miDestinationsNotes
City of Edmonton0.00.0111 StreetAt-grade; one-way (southbound); 97 Avenue is one-way (eastbound)
0.10.062110 StreetAt-grade; one-way (northbound); 97 Avenue become two-way
0.20.12  109 Street to Hwy 2 south – High Level BridgeAt-grade (traffic lights); no eastbound cross traffic
0.3–
0.5
0.19–
0.31
Tunnel under Alberta Legislature grounds
0.70.43105 StreetAt-grade (traffic lights); one-way (northbound)
0.80.50River Valley Road (104 Street) – RE/MAX FieldAt-grade (traffic lights); one-way (southbound)
0.90.56Rossdale RoadAt-grade (traffic lights); one-way (northbound)
1.3–
1.8
0.81–
1.1
James MacDonald Bridge crosses the North Saskatchewan River
East end of 97 Avenue • West end of 98 Avenue
1.8–
2.3
1.1–
1.4
Connors Road, Low Level BridgeInterchange
Scona Road (to 99 Street, Saskatchewan Drive)No westbound exit
3.82.484 Street / 85 StreetRoundabout
4.22.679 StreetAt-grade (traffic lights)
4.72.975 StreetAt-grade (traffic lights)
5.43.498 AvenueEastbound exit only
East end of 98 Avenue • West end of Terrace Road
5.73.598 Avenue (diversion)At-grade (traffic lights)
4.22.657 Street (to 101 Avenue) – Capilano MallAt-grade (traffic lights)
6.33.9101 AvenueWestbound exit only
East end of Terrace Road • West end of 101 Avenue
6.44.050 StreetAt-grade (traffic lights)
Strathcona CountyRefinery Row7.84.834 StreetAt-grade (traffic lights)
East end of 101 Avenue • West end of Baseline Road
9.6–
9.8
6.0–
6.1
17 StreetQuadrant roadway intersection (traffic lights)
Sherwood Park10.6–
12.0
6.6–
7.5
  Anthony Henday Drive (Hwy 216)Partial cloverleaf interchange (traffic signals); exit 58 on Hwy 216
12.77.9Broadmoor BoulevardAt-grade (traffic lights)
13.98.6Bethal DriveAt-grade (traffic lights)
14.38.9Sherwood DriveAt-grade (traffic lights)
14.99.3Brower Drive / Glenbrook BoulevardAt-grade (traffic lights)
16.410.2Clover Bar RoadAt-grade (traffic lights)
17.610.9  Hwy 21 – Fort Saskatchewan, CamroseAt-grade (traffic lights)
Continues east as Township Road 530
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

101 Avenue (Forest/Terrace Heights segment)

Starting at the west end of 101 Avenue. The entire route is in Edmonton.

km[1]miDestinationsNotes
0.00.084 Street
Forest Heights Park
At-grade (traffic lights)
0.50.3179 StreetAt-grade (traffic lights)
0.90.56Wayne Gretzky Drive / 75 StreetAt-grade (traffic lights)
2.21.457 Street (to Terrace Road / 101 Avenue east)At-grade
2.41.5Terrace RoadWestbound exit only
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Google (2017-11-06). "97/98/101 Avenue and Baseline Road in Edmonton and Sherwood Park, AB" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2017-11-06.
  2. ^ "Alberta's Township System - Baselines". The Alberta Land Surveyors' Association. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
  3. ^ Alberta Official Road Map (Map). Government of the Province of Alberta. 1962. Edmonton inset. Archived from the original on June 24, 2017.
  4. ^ Alberta Official Road Map (Map). Department of Public Works. 1932.
  5. ^ a b Alberta Official Road Map (Map). Department of Public Works. 1940. Edmonton inset.
  6. ^ Alberta Official Road Map (Map). Department of Public Works. 1940.
  7. ^ The H.M. Gousha Company (1956). Shell Map of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba (Map). The Shell Oil Company. Edmonton inset.
  8. ^ Edmonton District Planning Commission (1963). "Exhibit 1: Phase 1 Development Key Plan" (Map). Metropolitan Edmonton transportation study: Plan and program. Volume 2. Retrieved October 26, 2017.
  9. ^ "Transportation Infrastructure Management System - Existing Structures in the Provincial Highway Corridor" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. September 28, 2012. p. 186. Retrieved October 26, 2017.
  10. ^ Google (April 30, 2002). "Google Earth Pro" (Map). Aerial view of the Baseline Road / Anthony Henday Drive in Stathcona County, Alberta.
  11. ^ Robinson, Danielle (April 2013). "'The Streets Belong to the People': Expressway Disputes in Canada, c. 1960-75". McMaster University. p. 118. Retrieved October 26, 2017.
  12. ^ Powers, Dan (August 29, 1974). "City council kills plan for MacKinnon Ravine freeway route". Edmonton Journal. Press Reader. Retrieved October 26, 2017.
  13. ^ Alberta Official Road Map (Map). Alberta Environmental Protection, Resource Data Division. 1996. Edmonton inset.
  14. ^ "Edmonton community groups dig in against ring road". Today's Trucking. February 11, 1999. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
  15. ^ "The Way We Move - Transportation Master Plan" (PDF). City of Edmonton. September 2009. p. 63. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
  16. ^ City of Edmonton map utility
  17. ^ "Sherwood Park Map" (PDF). Maps. Strathcona County. February 13, 2017. Retrieved November 6, 2017.[permanent dead link]